Cannabis and Honey Bees, and Other Pollinators

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Honey Bee Collecting Cannabis Pollen
Honey Bee Collecting Cannabis Pollen

With all the to-do on social media and elsewhere I have decided to share my opinion here on the subject of honey bees and flowering cannabis.

So, do honey bees, or other pollinators frequent cannabis plants in search of food?

Well the answer is yes, and no…

Let me explain…

I have raised honey bees myself for many years, I have also grown our favorite plant for even longer….50 years plus…

Do honey bees and other pollinators derive nectar from cannabis?

The answer is no they do not. Cannabis flowers produces no nectar at all.

So do they get anything from a cannabis plant?

Previously I would have also answered no, but I was wrong. I have seen honey bees (their hive is likely close) working my outdoor seed grow this summer.

Honey Bee Working Male Cannabis Plant
Honey Bee Working Male Cannabis Plant

So they can, and do, harvest pollen from male cannabis plants. Pollen is a bees source of protein. Although I have not seen it, I would imagine Bumble bees, and solitary bees may well visit cannabis as a source of pollen as well.

I would believe the only other reason for butterflies or moths to visit cannabis is to lay their eggs which hatch into the much despised caterpillars you can hear so much about.

When I grew cannabis for all those years I was producing sensimilla (seedless flowers) and never purposely grew males out to maturity. So never saw any bees working the plants at all.

And, I realize the Internet is lit up with images of honey bees crowding each other on female cannabis flowers. My take on this is the female cannabis flowers have been sprayed with sugar water. That is the only reason the bees are there.

So can bees make cannabis honey?

Well sort of…..you could spray your female cannabis flowers with sugar water, and the bees will likely pick up some trichomes while sucking up the sugar water. These trichomes could conceivably make their way into the honey, infusing it with THCA. One must be aware however this THCA has not been decarboxylated….so the THC is inactive and therefore the honey will not make you high, unless of course you heat it somehow.

Now that I am producing seed for you guys I have males around, and have found bees working the males to procure their pollen. So now I am aware of bees working cannabis plants as a food source.

In conclusion…Cannabis is a wind pollinated plant, produces no nectar, so it’s pollination gets little if any help from insect pollinators. Pollinators can, however, harvest pollen (cannabis produces copious amount of pollen) from cannabis plants.

If you have any thoughts on this subject please share them in a comment.

Indica vs Sativa vs Hybrid

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This comparison guide was made just for you to shed light on several of the names for cannabis that are commonly heard and provide you with a reference.

Beautiful Cannabis

So what is the difference between Indica and Sativa? And how do hybrids fit in? What about Ruderalis and hemp?

Many cannabis companies like dispensaries, websites, and many other companies in the cannabis industry are in the business of producing and selling medicinal or recreational marijuana.

These companies often only focus on Indica, Sativa, and a wide range of hybrid strains for recreational marijuana.

For health-conscious consumers, you will also find a lot of cannabidiol (CBD)-based products being sold.

All of this information and names for cannabis can be very confusing, even sometimes for veteran cannabis aficionados.

Most Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids are cannabis strains that give users a “high”.

They are designed as a product that provides recreational users with enjoyment, and patients with medical marijuana benefits. This type of cannabis is widely-produced because of its THC and CBD content levels.

These three types of cannabis provide thousands and thousands of products for recreational or medicinal use.

Like the song, it is all about the money, so these strain varieties bring in the most money and profits for businesses that capitalize from the high levels of THC produced from Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids.

Hybrid Cannabis

By the same token, these plants also provide a massive supply of CBD oil and other related products for the medical cannabis industry, as does their cousin Hemp.

Understanding all the names, meanings, terminologies, and references to cannabis may be confusing for people who have been introduced to cannabis for the first time.

At some point in time, unless you are in complete isolation, you will probably run into marijuana consumers, a cannabis store, a dispensary, a smoke shop, or just hanging out with friends, and the topic of marijuana pops up.

Thanks to this guide, you will be able to join in on the discussion.

If marijuana discussion is not your thing, at the least, you will be able to understand what is being spoken since you will be familiar with the different types of cannabis. This guide is designed to finally give you a clear understanding of the most commonly-heard cannabis terminologies: Indica, Sativa, hybrids, and Ruderalis, and hemp.

If you are a cannabis grower, you may have come across Ruderalis and hemp before.

Otherwise, you will probably hear people refer to these cannabis plants as “the ones that do not get you high”. You may also hear someone refer to them as the plants used to extract CBD oil or used in construction.

Flowering Cannabis

While that may be true to some extent, many marijuana consumers know about some types of cannabis and not others because some of these terms are used more on the agricultural side of the cannabis world.

When it comes to Ruderalis and hemp, you will rarely hear these terms used around smokers, dealers, or in cannabis dispensaries unless you run across a cannabis store selling autoflower seeds or clones and someone is taking the time to educate growers. (Ruderalis is instrumental in producing stable auto-flowering genetics) Usually, this free information is not given out, you have to look for it.

Since Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids are the most popularly consumed varieties of cannabis for recreational use, people usually know more about these plants. Most people that only use marijuana for recreational use will only be familiar with these three terms. They may not have much knowledge of Ruderalis or hemp.

On the other hand, if you meet a cannabis grower, this person will probably be armed with a lot more knowledge and information on Ruderalis and hemp. This person may be the complete opposite of a consumer or smokes what he or she grows and never visits a dispensary.

This guide makes you a winner on both sides, whether you are a consumer or a grower, and you will know what the many terms for cannabis means from now on.

Indica vs Sativa vs Ruderalis vs Hemp

We should not forget the lowly hemp plant, nor the Ruderellis strain in our comparison, so here is an in-depth comparison of Indica, Sativa, hybrids, Ruderalis, and hemp.

Cannabis Indica.

The Force Cannabis Strain
Cannabis Indica

Cannabis Indica is cultivated for many purposes and was first identified, recorded, and published in 1785 by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French biologist.

The plant originates in the harsh mountainous regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

Through his studies, he recognized the plant as a separate species from sativa, which is still argued today.

The Indica strain is well-known for its therapeutic effects, such as providing chronic pain relief and other medicinal remedies.

Popular strains of Indica include Northern Lights, Purple Kush, and Granddaddy Purple, among others.

It is also common for Indicas to provide a relaxing effect when smoked or consumed, and most strains typically include high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

The THC compound puts Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids on the recreational side of the house because these plants come packed with higher and higher levels of THC.

Cannabis Indica Flower

They also come with various terpene combinations, making these plants exciting, thrilling, and very enjoyable for recreational cannabis lovers.

The effect and high from Indicas are commonly used to treat a wide range of psychological and physical symptoms like:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Stress reducer
  • Pain reliever
  • Treatment for Insomnia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anxiolytic

The high THC levels in many Indica plants can provide strong euphoric effects. Some users tend to feel more stoned and relaxed when consuming Indica strains…..resulting in a term for the Indica type of high….couchlock!

Since people are often seeking ways to relax and relieve stress, Indicas are a popular alternative.

Pauls Purple Fire Cannabis Strain
Cannabis Indica

Indicas are famous because, like when some people drink alcohol or other substances to alleviate their stress and worries, Indica strains provide the same, if not better, effects and/or relief.

Users can relieve stress, pain, and worries without adverse effects such as a hangover from consuming too much alcohol. Indicas are popularly used for recreational and medicinal purposes as well as clinical research.

The Indica plant is a broad-leaved plant, usually short in stature, which you can identify from other marijuana strains.

Traditionally, these plants were cultivated for centuries to produce different varieties of hashish which is still prevalent in West and Central Asia. In this part of the world, hashish has served for centuries to treat many illnesses in traditional Eastern medicine.

Since hashish is also high in THC, it is also famous for recreational use.

Indica Leaves

Cannabis Indica Leaf
Cannabis Indica Leaf

Indica plants are bushy plants with round, healthy leaves.

They tend to grow from nine up to thirteen leaves.

Indica leaves are also much broader, thicker, and darker green when compared to other cannabis varieties.

Buds are dense and have intense, spicy, or dank aromas.

Many of the purple varieties of cannabis are Indica strains.

Indica Buds

Indica Type Cannabis Bud
Indica Type Cannabis Bud

Indica nugs, or buds, tend to be large, tight, and very dense.

They also tent to contain copious amounts of trichomes. Indica buds tent to be darker as well, the plants themselves tend to darken with age, and temperature.

Cooler fall temperatures tend to bring on those dark purple colors all cannabis growers seem to crave.

Indica buds tend to smell earthy, and pundgent. as opposed to Sativa strains that can smell fruity, flowery, and even sweet.

Indica Plant Type

Indica plants tend to be shorter than either Sativa or Hybrid plants, but generally taller then Ruderalis and Hemp plants.

Indica plants were initially cultivated in Afghanistan in the Hindu Kush region, which is why you hear of famous strains like OG Kush, Tangie Kush, Pineapple Kush, among others.

Indicas have also been traditionally cultivated in areas around Tibet.

The average height of most Indica plants ranges from three to six feet tall.

Benefits of Indica

Indica plants can provide different and even more medicinal properties than sativa strains because they have higher levels of CBD oils. Studies have shown that Indicas can serve as a muscle relaxer and provide excellent pain relief. Other medicinal properties include analgesic effects due to the high levels of CBD oils in most plants.

Relaxing With Cannabis Indica

People rate the effects of Indica plants as providing a body high rather than a cerebral one, which is why this plant is most popularly used for muscle relaxation and sedation.

After consuming Indica, you can expect a body high and that couchlock feeling.

Sometimes Indica users feel physically heavy and highly relaxed to the point where they do not even want to move.

Indica plants also stimulate the appetite and give you the “munchies,” so you may feel hungry and want to snack on food.

Consumers who enjoy Indica often buy lots of snacks and relax in front of their favorite TV show or movie.

Others use Indicas to wind down and relax, and some people also use them as a sleep aid.

Recommended Growing Methods for Indica Plants

Indoor growers prefer Indica strains because they grow shorter and thicker than other types of cannabis plants. If you are a newbie grower and you have a grow box and lights, you will probably want to start your first grow with an Indica plant….although autoflowering plants are right there too.

Cannabis Indica Growing

Another reason Indicas are preferred by some growers is that plants of this variety can be planted more closely together. They do not require as much space to grow when compared to Sativas and sativa-dominant hybrids.

Growers interested in producing more buds take advantage of this factor with Indicas. The additional space allows a grower to yield an additional one-and-a-half to two more ounces per plant.

For someone making a profit, those extra two ounces can make a huge difference.

In addition, the potency level of Indica plants, which typically has a much higher THC level than their sativa counterparts.

People love the effects of THC and the euphoric sensation it has when consumed. The higher levels of THC in Indicas is another reason some growers favor Indicas over Sativas.

The average flowering time for Indicas is usually 45 to 60 days.

Indica is also the go-to plant for growers who are interested in making hashish.

Some say pure Indicas are more difficult to grow, I would have to disagree with this assumption. I believe all cannabis plants are relatively easy to grow out, although hybrids that show good hybrid vigor can make growing an Indica dominate hybrid a slam dunk!

  • Choose the right strain for you
  • Control your plant size during the vegetation stage
  • Grow small and fast, so pack your grow space
  • Train your plants for higher yields using Sea of Green (SCOG), low-stress training, super cropping, among other growing techniques
  • Ensure proper ventilation, humidity, and watering schedule
  • Trim broad, heavy fan leaves during late flowering just before harvest time
  • Do a proper job of drying the buds and curing them

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis Sativa

The Sativa marijuana strain is known for growing in hot, dry climates and some of the hottest places, including Africa, Western Asia, Southeast Asia, Central America, and many other locations.

Sativa plants have been cultivated since recorded history began and has been a source of not only recreational use and medicine, but a wide range of other uses to include:

  • Food
  • Industrial fiber
  • Seed oil
  • Religion
  • Spiritual moods
  • Many other uses

Like Indicas, the entire plant is valuable and can be harvested for some benefit or utility purpose. In 1753, Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, first classified sativa as “things that are cultivated”.

Popular strains of sativa include Sour Diesel, Green Crack, Amnesia Haze, among many others.

Sativas in low THC varieties are commonly used to make hemp-related products, especially hemp seed oil. For centuries, this oil has been used for various purposes, including cooking, painting, making lacquers, lamps, and even animal feed.

Sativa Leaves

Cannabis Sativa

These plants are easily recognized and distinguished by their thin, narrow leaves. Sativas usually have more fingers than Indica leaves, I have seen as many as 13.

In contrast to Indica plants, sativa plants fare better outdoors due to their exceptional height (up to 12 feet). The slender sativa leaf also has more fingers than the Indica leaf, sometimes as many as thirteen. 

Sativa leaves also tend to be a lighter shade of green then their Indica cousins

Sativa Buds

Cannabis Sativa Bud

Buds are lighter in weight when compared to Indicas and sometimes have touches of orange or red color. Some have described Sativa buds as being airy, or even wispy.

Sativas can make up for their lighter buds by the number of buds a large plant can produce.

Stativa Plants can also get big, and produce a copious amount of flowers.

The aromas from Sativas are usually subtle, fruity, or even sweet.

Sativa Plant Type

Big Sativa
Big Sativa in Greenhouse

This plant originates in equatorial climates such as Mexico, South America, Thailand, and southern Africa.

This plant is known to grow quite large, making it the best cannabis plant to produce outdoors.

You can expect them to grow on an average of six feet in height, but they can grow as high as 20 feet or more. I have grown 20 foot tall Sativas myself.

There really is no limit to how tall or how big a sativa plant can grow.

An online search of many of the popular cannabis themed video sites or blogs, and you will find images and videos of enormous, super-tall sativa plants.

Sativa plants always get the best growth and achieve maximum height when grown outdoors in full sunlight.

Benefits of Sativa

You can expect stimulating and uplifting effects when using sativa strains. When you consume this plant, you get a “head” high where the effects are mainly felt in the brain. These effects are unlike Sativas that produce a body effect.

Some people prefer this strain because it has the opposite effects of Indica. Sativas make you want to get up and dance and do something active like:

  • Construction
  • Painting
  • Cleaning
  • Going outside
  • Creating
  • Many other activities

Many people will recommend the effects of Sativas for daytime use for those who want to feel focused and energized.

However, some Sativas are so potent that they can cause hallucinogenic effects, and just like caffeine, if you consume too much, it may cause you to be hyperactive or have problems sleeping.

If you are prone to anxiety or feeling anxious and worried all the time, it may not be a good idea to consume potent Sativas.

For medicinal use, Sativas are helpful for specific medical problems:

  • Diseases
  • Ailments
  • ADHD
  • Chronic pain
  • Cancer
  • Nausea
  • Lack of appetite
  • Depression
  • Much more
Cannabis Edibles

Individuals with ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) can reap the medicinal benefits of this strain of cannabis daily. The main reason that people living with ADHD is they often require the intense concentration that the effects of Sativas provide.

Many people with ADHD need this intense level of concentration to complete tasks. Also, sativa strains provide people with ADHD with increased energy and focus.

People who suffer from depression also benefit from Sativas by increased mood elevation and desire to be active.

Sativas naturally come with an abundant amount of cannabinol (CBD) which studies have shown and proven to be one of the best antidepressants.

Sativa strains often come with high concentrations of CBD, which allows some strains to balance out the stimulating effects of Sativas.

CBD is non-psychoactive, and high concentrations in sativa strains help counteract the sometimes adverse effects of THC, such as paranoia, anxiety, or other psychoactive effects.

Many people underestimate the power of CBD, but it even helps recreational users without them even knowing it.

Recommended Growing Methods For Sativa Plants

Sativas typically take a longer time to flower when compared to Indicas. When growing outdoors in warm climates, it usually takes 60 to 90 days to flower.

Piebert Cannabis Strain
Piebert Sativa Cannabis Strain

For indoor grows, you can manipulate the light cycle and bring these plants to maturity much faster.

The best time for growing Sativas is during the summertime because these plants love the sun. Here are a few growing tips to help you grow Sativas more successfully.

  • Sativas need a lot more vertical space than Indicas. Consider the grow area size if you want to grow Sativas indoors. You should not have a problem growing outside as long as the plant can get full sun daily.
  • Top plants in the third and fifth weeks during the growing phase.
  • Limit your veg phase to no more than five weeks.
  • Ensure your water quality, nutrients, and root zone pH are consistent because Sativa plants can become very sensitive to environmental factors.
  • Use reverse-osmosis water, organic soils, quality nutrients, and an adequately controlled environment.

Cannabis Hybrids

Big-Bazooka
Big Bazooka Hybrid

Marijuana strains termed hybrids are genuinely a blessing to the world of cannabis plants because hybrids allow growers and consumers to have a diverse range of marijuana strains, and combinations of those strains.

It is a good idea to understand both the characteristics and benefits of these plants. As a grower or consumer, you can tailor hybrid plants to meet your specific medicinal or recreational use needs.

These plants can be any combination of Sativa, Indica, Ruderellis, and even hemp strains.

Most hybrids grown today are either sativa crossed with an Indica, or a Sativa or Indica crossed with a Ruderellis plant…which results in an autoflower cannabis strain.

Hybrids are usually easily identifiable by their names because they will include the terms of the combined strains to make the hybrid plant.

Some hybrids are Sativa-dominant, while others are categorized as Indica-dominant.

Many hybrid strains will have an equal mix of both types of cannabis, and you will find that most marijuana strains found today are hybrids.

Since there are very few pure Indicas or Sativas, and there are many people producing the seeds that are available, hybridization will likely assure the pure stains will become harder to find.

I plan on doing all I can here at JustCannabisSeed.com to continue to offer these pure strains.

Hybrid Leaves

The Black Cannabis
The Black Cannabis

The leaves of hybrids can differ based on the phenotype. If the plant is a Sativa-dominant strain, it may exhibit the thin, narrow leaves commonly found on pure Sativa plants.

Likewise, if it is an Indica dominant plant, you can expect broader and darker-colored leaves to be present.

Cannabis Hybrid leaves tend to be somewhere in the middle, and are very common these days. And one benefit of hybrid cannabis is that it can exhibit hybrid vigor, which is growing very strong and fast!

Hybrid Plant Type

Hybrids are usually a combination of Sativa, Indica, and sometimes Ruderalis cannabis strains. Typically, either the Sativa or Indica genetics will dominate, creating “sativa-dominant” or “Indica-dominant” phenotype.

Hybrid plants vary in size depending on if it is sativa or Indica-dominant. You can expect Sativa-dominant plants to grow tall while Indicas will grow much shorter in height.

And of course the inclusion of the Ruderalis plants genetics will create an auto-flowering cannabis strain.

Benefits of Hybrids

Plant genetics play a significant role in the effects of hybrids because each experience is different depending on the hybrid strain.

Sativa-dominant hybrids will have the same effect as a pure sativa, giving you uplifting effects and more focus.

Indica-dominant strains will have the same effects as a pure Indica and incorporate more couchlock, sedative, and relaxation effects.

It is also essential to pay attention to the CBD-to-THC ratio and the terpene content in hybrids to fully understand how each strain works.

Recommended Growing Methods For Hybrid Plants

Black berry Zittles Feminized (2)

Hybrid strains are prevalent among growers and consumers because Indica-dominant strains often have a shorter flowering time and higher yields.

This feature of hybrid cannabis is fantastic for commercial growers who need to meet consumer demand which is constantly changing.

Sativa hybrids provide considerable benefits to growers even though they have lower yields and longer flowering times.

The reason is that hybrids are often more heat- and mold-resistant because of their hybrid genetics. This factor makes sativa hybrids a more viable crop and more preferred by growers than pure Sativas.

One factor that makes hybrids so fantastic is that you can customize the variety of strains to your specific needs if you have a medical condition. You can customize:

  • Type of marijuana you want to grow based on hybrid genetics
  • THC-to-CBD ratio
  • Terpene content
  • Type of growing medium

There are also many other factors, methods, and techniques you can incorporate to give you better control of your marijuana grow and consumption.

In addition, a new hybrid strain is introduced every day, so you can only expect hybrids to continue to improve in quality.

Other effects to consider besides the THC-to-CBD ratio are the lesser-known cannabinoids such as CBC (cannabichromene), CBG(cannabigerol), and THCV(delta 9 tetrahydrocannabivarin), among others.

There is still much to learn about cannabis because it has remained illegal for so long, so more research and study are still required.

For example, there is still so much more to learn and understand about the effects of individual terpenes in hybrid strains.

These elements play a role in how the plant affects people when consumed. Focusing only on THC or CBD levels does not give a clear understanding of the full effects and potential of hybrid cannabis plants.

Knowing which strain you are using is essential when growing hybrid strains, which is usually very easily identifiable by its name.

For example, when you know the strain’s name, you can easily understand its Sativa-Indica genetic inheritance.

This information is critical to know as a grower because you want to learn as much about the plant as possible before you start growing.

By following this valuable advice, you can plan accordingly and calculate the expected outcome during harvest.

When growing from unknown seeds or unidentified plants, you do not know what kind of marijuana plant you are growing, and you might not get the outcome you were looking for.

There is no specific method to grow hybrids effectively because each hybrid plant is different.

Free Cannabis Seed Grow
Free Cannabis Seed Grow

However, they are helpful to growers in many ways.

As a grower, the methods you choose to grow will depend on what you want to achieve and the amount of space used for the growing area.

Hybrid cannabis plants are beneficial for indoor growing areas because they many of them (Indica dominate) can grow in tight, small spaces.

Some are also heat resistant which makes them preferable for use with indoor grow lights.

On the other hand, hybrids allow indoor growers to grow strains that are more heat-resistant so you can have more successful harvests. Make sure to choose the right strain that can handle the heat environment for your growing area.

Heat is just one of the factors growers can use when deciding which type of hybrid plant to grow.

If you are trying to do an outdoor grow in a Northern climate with a short growing season, you may want to consider an Indica-dominant strain better suited for colder climates and shorter growing seasons.

If you live in an area with a desert climate with little water or not much fertile soil, you can choose to grow a hybrid strain that is better suited to thrive in extreme conditions.

Do not just try to grow hybrids without first taking the time to know which strains are best suited for your growing area and specific needs.

Auto Flower Cannabis Hybrids

Sour 60 Purple Pheno
Sour 60 Purple Pheno

I cannot leave the hybrid category of cannabis strains without touching on the auto flowering cannabis plant in more detail.

Auto flowers have been around for a while now and only continue to grow in popularity.

They are created by introducing Ruderalis genetics into about any photo type of cannabis plant.

They mature quickly, and one can easily harvest several times in one growing season!

Lets take a moment and look at the pros, and the cons of autoflowers.

Pros

  • Autoflowers flower because of age, rather the the light cycle.
  • Autos are fast, making several harvests in one season possible.
  • Autos are smaller in stature then either Indicas, or Sativas. Easier to conceal, and less space needed to grow.
  • Because of the Ruderalis genes autoflowers contain they are tough, and easy to grow, even for beginners.
  • Autoflowering marijuana plants are well suited for growing either indoors, or outdoors.
  • Autoflowering cannabis plants are cheaper to grow then their full season cousins.
  • Autos are not bothered much by light leaks, or any stray light they may be subject to.
  • Auto-flowers don’t need to be transplanted, and generally shouldn’t be manipulated that way.
  • Auto flowers as a whole are only likely to improve

Cons

  • Lower yields, since the plants are smaller, so are the yields.
  • Lower THC content, although this is improving as time goes on.
  • Less time to correct growing errors, the speed of autoflowers may not give them time to recover for mistakes.
  • They can be more expensive, many people grow them under an 18/6, or even a 24/0 lighting regime, which cause more electric consumption.
  • Cloning, although they can indeed be cloned, again they have little time to recover from it.
  • Loss of control of the flowering period. Photo cannabis plants allow for manipulation of the flowering cycle.

I enjoy growing autos because of their many advantages, and they can be a sight to behold when flowered and finished in the dog days of summer.

I get many new cannabis growers here on my site, and I would recommend they all cut their growing teeth with autoflowers. For a new grower they simply offer the best avenue to expertise.

Ruderalis

Cannabis Plant in the Sun
Ruderalis Cannabis Plant

Cannabis Ruderalis is a cannabis plant that you commonly do not hear about too often.

You will listen to many people usually talking about Indicas and Sativas, and even hemp, but why does no one speak about Ruderalis?

Although Ruderalis is a primary variety of cannabis, it is a lesser-known type because it is not popular among smokers or recreational users of cannabis.

Even many medical marijuana users may not be familiar with cannabis Ruderalis.

The key feature that makes this type of marijuana plant such a winner and so important, especially to growers, is that it can grow in extremely harsh climates and conditions, and it’s ability to flower by age, rather then the hours of darkness it is exposed to.

Ruderalis Leaves

Ruderalis cannabis plants are similar to Indicas because they also have very thick foliage. It’s leaves can be Indica like, or Sativa like likely depending on the region of it’s origin.

Ruderalis Buds

Ruderalis buds are chunky, sturdy, and generally smaller than other types of cannabis plants.

Ruderalis buds contain little if any THC, so are not grown for recreational use. They do however contain copious amounts of some of the other cannabinoids….such as CBD.

Although Ruderalis is not generally grown for it’s bud, it could well become popular in the future for it’s medicinal properties.

Ruderalis Plant Type

Ruderalis Cannabis

The Ruderalis plant originates and grows in the northernmost regions of the world in Central and Eastern Europe and various areas in Asia.

These plants flourish in climates that are incredibly harsh where no other cannabis species could survive.

They also survive very short growing seasons, which means they flower the fastest compared to different cannabis plants.

Another unique feature about this plant is that when compared to Indicas and Sativas, the seeds from the Ruderalis plant are extremely tough.

You can crack, freeze, step on, or burn Ruderalis seeds, and somehow, they can still grow.

The ability of this plant to survive nearly any kind of condition is impressive and provides clues and links to keys and discoveries on how to grow cannabis in outer space.

This cannabis plant will still survive even after a world catastrophe like a nuclear holocaust or an Ice Age.

It is extremely powerful!

To understand Ruderalis a bit more, you may not believe that this plant grew wild on the side of the road or was found growing on unattended farmland just a few years ago.

All of that changed with the introduction of autoflowering strains.

Another feature that separates Ruderalis apart from Indicas and Sativas is its ability to flower regardless of the light cycle.

If a cannabis plant is not an autoflowering plant with Ruderalis characteristics, the lighting (either natural sunlight or indoor grow lights) must be manipulated naturally through seasonal change if it is an outdoor grow, or by the grower using a grow light cycle to induce flowering.

The benefit of the autoflowering characteristics in the Ruderalis plant is that you can count on your plants to automatically begin flowering in a short time after planting them regardless of the light cycle.

This feature really changed the game for growers because they no longer have to monitor the light cycle and risk ruining a harvest. It also makes growing cannabis easier.

These plants often grow between 20 to 25 inches in height. Ruderalis has the shortest stature when compared to Indica, Sativas or hemp.

Benefits of Ruderalis

There is no significant high from pure Ruderalis cannabis, and it usually has deficient levels of THC.

Ruderalis does not cause any psychotropic effects, and you should not consume any of it and expect to get the THC high.

The lack of THC content is also one of the reasons that growers typically never grow Ruderalis as a pure species.

Most likely, you will not find it sold when shopping for marijuana seeds online.

These reasons also explain why Ruderalis is often unknown to recreational users because they never come in contact with pure Ruderalis plants.

On the other hand, Ruderalis is high in CBD, making it quite useful for medicinal purposes.

Just as with the use of different types of cannabis plants, there are medical marijuana patients who take advantage of the benefits of CBD without the high and other effects associated with other types of cannabis plants that are high in THC.

Since Ruderalis has minimal THC, it benefits medical marijuana patients, especially for treating insomnia or anxiety.

The high CBD content in the Ruderalis plant is often preferred by many medical patients for providing calming and relaxing effects.

Recommended Growing Methods For Ruderalis

Free Seed Seedlings

The great thing about Ruderalis is that it is a must-have among breeders.

As mentioned before, most growers do not focus on Ruderalis as a standalone crop.

Instead, it is crossed with other marijuana species to create autoflowering hybrids that automatically begin to flower between 21 and 30 days regardless of how the lighting is manipulated.

As a result, growers can create thousands of different strains and Indica/Sativa/Ruderalis hybrids; hence the term “autoflowers”. By doing so, strains are created that are more potent in THC and become autoflower plants.

Others are crossbred to provide a high CBD content and other CBD-to-THC ratios depending on the desired outcome.

This ability to crossbreed Ruderalis to create autoflowering cannabis plants is how breeders can introduce new strains and never-before-seen varieties of cannabis.

Hemp

Hemp

Hemp is a subspecies of the marijuana plant and one of the oldest domesticated crops in the world.

Also known as industrial hemp, it is listed in a class of cannabis sativa cultivars.

Hemp is considered one of the fastest-growing plants on Earth next to bamboo. According to recorded history, it was first cultivated in East Asia in 10000 BC and was first spun into fiber 50,000 years ago.

Since then, varieties of hemp have made their way around the world.

The fibers from the hemp plant can be woven into a variety of materials. This durable material has been used to make rope and canvas for centuries.

Hemp is an excellent resource, and there is still much more growth for the hemp industry.

Hemp has long been a competitor to cotton as an agricultural cash crop, but historically, politics has played a considerable role in promoting hemp agriculture until recently. Many people prefer the quality and price of hemp over cotton.

However, when the cotton gin was introduced, it made cotton more feasible to sell.

The DuPont company also lobbied for laws against hemp and set the standard to produce cotton products until 2014.

Unfortunately money has always been a driving force in the anti-legalization efforts of this wonderful plant.

In 2014, President Obama passed a farm bill that clarified the differences between hemp and marijuana.

This legislation legally allowed farmers to restart hemp production.

President Trump also passed legislation to ensure the continued legalization, farming, and production of hemp.

Here are some of the products made with hemp:

Hemp Leaves

Hemp comes with two kinds of leaves…..sugar leaves and fan leaves.

Sugar leaves can be found easily because they are primarily located at the head. You will also see that they are covered in trichomes which give them a frosty appearance. These leaves are the extensions that look like tiny fingers you will see extending from the bud.

Fan leaves are much bigger than the sugar leaves and increase in size as they extend farther from the head. They do not have as many trichomes on them as the sugar leaves but have the highest benefits the plant offers.

Both leaves provide countless benefits and use for people who consume them.

Dried hemp leaves are used in a variety of ways, particularly as a drinking tea. When consumed as tea, it is an herbal treatment that provides a soothing, relaxing effect.

Resin that is naturally derived from hemp is fat-soluble. It is pretty potent when heated with coconut oil or milk.

Hemp Buds

Hemp buds look alot like the buds of it’s THC producing cousins sativa, and indica cannabis. They are nearly devoid of THC however, but can be rich in some of the other cannabinoids. Hemp buds are becoming more mainstream as times goes on. And are readily available at many rec shops.

Hemp Plant Type

Hemp is a variation of the cannabis sativa species and is often confused with its marijuana look alike. It is easy to mistake hemp for a cannabis sativa plant.

Since both plants share the cannabis sativa name, this super plant was outlawed for many years.

Plants generally grow from three to eight feet tall. Some hemp plants can reach heights as tall as 15 feet high. Hemp plants like all cannabis plants are annual plants and complete their life cycle within one, single growing season.

Benefits Of Hemp

All parts of the hemp plant are used in many ways, and here are some of the most common uses.

  • Food
  • CBD oil
  • Biofuel
  • Rope
  • Paint
  • Insulation
  • Animal feed
  • Sunscreen lotion
  • Biodegradable plastics
  • Textiles
  • Hemp milk
  • Soap
  • Diapers
  • Hempcrete
  • Clothes
  • Countless other products

Hemp leaves….Pressed to make juices and also consumed in fresh green salads. Known to be nutrient-rich and often brewed to create a relaxing CBD tea.

Hemp Cannabis
Hemp Cannabis

Hemp fibers…..Plant fibers are an excellent material commonly used to make paper products and manufacture clothing. It is now common to find hemp rolling papers sold in many stores and smoke shops.

Fibers are also used to make canvas, rope, and plastic composites. Other uses for hemp fibers include the production of ethanol fuel and other bio fuels that can power engines.

Cannabis consumers who prefer to smoke joints often choose rolling papers made out of hemp rather than other types of rolling papers. These health-conscious cannabis consumers prefer hemp papers because they do not contain any chemicals used in making the papers, and they are produced naturally.

Hemp stalks….The plant’s stem contains many fibers used to make a wide range of items.

Hemp Hurd….The inner part of the stalk that is woody. It is used to make hempcrete which is a mixture of hemp chips and lime. This material is growing in demand in the construction industry as an incredibly popular, carbon-negative building material. Hemp hurd is also used to make animal bedding, mulch, fiberboard, and more.

Hemp contains deficient levels of THC. To qualify as hemp, plants must have a THC level of less than 0.3%.

In the US, hemp is legal to sell as well as all products made from the plant. In simple words, if you try to smoke or consume hemp, you will not get h

Recommended Growing methods For Hemp

Cannabis Flower
Hemp Cannabis Flower

For centuries, farmers have always known hemp to be an excellent cash crop.

Hemp is easy to grow, and is finally coming to it’s own here in the USA.

Two main reasons are that it requires very little fertilizer and grows to maturity quickly, ranging from 8 to 12 weeks.

Since it grows to maturity so quickly, farmers can harvest three or four times in one season, and this fast turnaround is essential for income and livelihood.

Conclusion

Congratulations! You should now have arrived at a more complete and thorough understanding of the five different marijuana terminologies often used today.

This in-depth comparison barely scratches the surface, and there is always more to learn about cannabis.

However, you can take your marijuana learning and growing skills to a whole new level with this knowledge.

Best of all, you can now converse about our favorite plant with a better understanding, and you can even give recommendations to others when it comes to consuming or growing.

What is Delta-8 THC?

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There’s been a lot of popularity surrounding the more recent Delta-8 THC, but what exactly is it?

Delta-8 THC, or delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, is one of the four main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

In the cannabis that the majority of cannabis enthusiasts are used to using, it is the compound delta-9 THC that provides most of the desired effects.

Delta-9 and delta-8 are two very similar cannabinoids, but have some differences. Delta-8 provides effects of less potency and intensity than delta-9, which, on the other hand, means less adverse effects as well.

Delta-8 is legal in many areas due to the fact that most of it that is on the market is manufactured from hemp-derived CBD- this makes it legal, technically.

Delta-8 is known to be a safe compound, as it naturally occurs in all cannabis, just at smaller amounts. The effects that delta-8 provides, although less potent, are the same as delta-9 offers.

There are many medical conditions that can be treated by using delta-8, also.

Delta-8 THC is a trend that is still young, and many questions still exist regarding its effects, origin, and legality.

JustCannabisSeed.com does not offer legal advice- however, we want our customers to stay informed on any and all cannabis topics, so please subscribe to our newsletter and follow us on social media for the latest advice and information!

Types of Cannabis Plants, and Seeds

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What Types of Cannabis Plants are There?

Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. It is generally accepted that there are three species of Cannabis, ie…Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. Cannabis plants come in both male and female, with the ability to hermaphrodite (that is females that produce pollen in a last ditch effort to continue their species). Hermaphroditism is the bane of sinsemilla growers everywhere, but is the result of that practice. We have seeds available for both Indica and Sativa. Ruderalis plants produce little THC and is undesirable for most people for that reason. There are also a few variations of seeds as well. Seeds can come as regular seeds ( will produce both male and female at about 50/50), feminized seeds (will produce only female plants as they are lacking the Y chromosome), and auto flowering seeds (auto flower plants will flower regardless of light cycle.)

Regular Cannabis Seed

Now let’s take a closer look at the advantages, and disadvantages of each type of seed. Regular seed is the seed commonly sold online. They will produce both male and female plants, and these plants will be photo sensitive. (need about 12 hours of darkness to initiate flowering.) Outdoors without shading they will grow all summer, and flower in the fall. Indoors you can ‘make’ them flower by increasing the dark period to about 12 hours. Disadvantage…you will have to contend with male plants.

Feminized Cannabis Seed

Feminized seed is seed that manipulated during breeding to contain only the female or X chromosome. These seeds should only grow into female plants. The advantage of feminization is you will not spend time nor waste space raising male plants….If you are wanting sinsemillia. (seedless flowers) Disadvantage…feminized seed is more difficult to produce and usually commands a higher price.

Auto Flowering Cannabis Seed

Lastly you have the auto flowering seeds. Auto-flower seeds are produced by crossing a Ruderalis plant with either a Sativa, or a Indica plant. Auto flower plants are not photo sensitive, or in other words, do NOT need a longer dark period to initiate flowering. They will flower at a certain age regardless of the length of the dark period. There are a few advantages of auto flowering plants…They are generally shorter and smaller, so easier to conceal. No need to tamper with the light cycle, as they will bloom under even 24 hours of light. Disadvantage…they are felt to contain less THC, although they seem to be gaining ground in that department.

Medical Benefits of Cannabis

There seems to be no end to the medical benefits of cannabis! And, now with legalization becoming more common, more and more studies are being conducted proving even more medical benefits of this incredible plant. Recently, scientists are realizing that cannabis not only can help with the devastating side effects of some cancer treatments, but may even help ‘cure’ cancer. The medical benefits of this amazing plant are many and varied. Here are just a few of the conditions treated with Medical Cannabis….Arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis, Headaches and migraines, Epilepsy, and it’s seizures, Cancer and it’s treatments, Depression, Asthma, Parkinson’s, ADD/ADHD, Stress, Insomnia, nausea, anxiety, chronic pain, some wasting conditions, with more conditions seemingly added every day. Click to shop for medical marijuana seeds.

The Hash Plant Strain- Why Stoners Love This Strain

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Currently, all of the attention has been geared toward cannabis plants which have interesting (and often “colorful”) names, such as Sour Low Ryder, The Force, Afghani, or BadAss BB’s– the list goes on.

Cannabis seedling
Hash Plant Seedling

However, it seems as if the weed strains which are named to be much more traditional and straightforward are the ones that have the longest lasting positive reputations.

One of the most direct strain names is one that weed enthusiasts are going crazy over. This strain is modestly named Hash Plant. The strain of Hash Plant offered here on Just Cannabis Seed is called Tajikistani Hash Plant.

It’s not difficult to figure out where this Hash Plant’s strain name originated from- it’s highly suitable for extraction, due to the super resinous flower that it produces, in combination with a speedy flowering stage during the growth of this cannabis plant (around 7 weeks in length), a result of it’s mountainous origins.

Bred by Sensi Seeds, Hash Plant is an indica-dominant cannabis strain with only 10% of its genetic makeup consisting of Cannabis sativa.

Hash Plant owes very much of its adoration to the Afghani strain and its remarkable genetics, as well as descended inspiration from the tremendously well-known (and truly legendary) Northern Lights strain.

Several widely-recognized dispensaries have recently served as sources of the Hash Plant strain.

Large Cannabis Leaf
Indica Type Leaves of the Hash Plant Strain

This serves as no surprise, since the effects of Hash Plant consist of a pleasant euphoria, relaxation, pain relief, and an overall sense of feeling calm, making it perfect for those who are looking to use cannabis to treat insomnia and anxiety disorders.

The aroma of Hash Plant is considered to be danky and spicy, while its flavors are spicy, yet sweet, as well as earthy and woody. Hash Plant provides true hash effects along with the customary kush plant flavor and scent.

There are many variations of the Hash Plant strain, all of which offer almost all of the desired effects of marijuana.

For a smooth, “take it easy” kind of high, the Hash Plant strain is sure to be recommended, undoubtedly. Stoners love this strain, and for reasons obvious- what fellow toker would not want to be giggly and chatty, yet tranquil and blissful?!

The First Time I Smoked Pot….Wow!

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Guest Post From Cody, Thanks Cody

The first time for anything just kind of sticks with you.

That is especially so when it comes to the first time anyone or mostly anyone ( I’ve some friends tell me that they couldn’t remember their first time.) tries grass for their first time.

I love cannabis, but honestly my first time with lovely lady Mary Jane was a nightmare.

I had just turned 18 and I was really interested in trying pot.

I thought maybe my friend Alex could help because of the stories he had told me about his older brother being able to get the best stuff. I thought they were just stories because he talked a lot, but I gave it a shot.

What do you know, he delivered.

Alex gave me a call later that day and told me he had it, and to come over with my half of the money because we split it 30/30 for an 8th of bud. (60 bucks an 8th here in the north. My head still can’t rap my head around the prices up here.)

Anyway, so cash in my pocket I walked the 9 blocks from my house to his house almost skipping with excitement.

When I got to his house, we went straight to his living room which was in the basement, and he presented me the weed. I grabbed it and inspected not even knowing what to look for because this was truly the first time seeing buds up close and personal.

The buds were beautiful.

Cone shaped Christmas trees with red hairs. Northern Lights was the strain according to my friend.

He asked me if I had something to smoke out of. I looked at him with a dumb look which he recognized and said nevermind and that he had a pop can. At that I thought maybe he hadn’t smoked as much as he said he did, but whatever.

He found one, pulled a tack off a board on the wall, and started poking holes in the can. While he was doing that, I broke up the weed, like he told me to do. Then we smoked.

I remember that it hit me right away.

I felt like my head had turned into an elevator, and it shot up like a bullet which made me super paranoid, and started getting the helicopter spins.

I thought there were choppers outside, and the police were coming to get me.

Then Alex’s dog started barking in my face, as if yelling at me that I was in big trouble. ( I kept thinking the dog was barking at me, but really he was laying quietly behind me.

I know it was because my whole life, I tried to be as good as possible, and my subconscious mind told me had just done something that school taught me was just as bad as raping and murdering a baby.)

Cannabis can be a bit ‘edgy’ the first time you get high.

My friend asked me if I was alright and I explained my situation. He tried to calm me down the best that he could and it worked a little until I started thinking about how my friend had said that his grandma was not going to be home until later that day ( He lived with his grandma.)

Which got me thinking that maybe she could be home earlier than expected. 3 am in the morning. No one in there right mind would worry about a grandma coming home at 3 in the morning from a trip out of town. But? ? I wasn’t in my right mind.

My world was fucked, flipped, turned upside down. I knew that no one or anything could help me and that I had to ride it out.

I rode out the nightmare, then passed out.

Next thing I remember is waking up feeling refreshed. Better than new, and walked home.

I learned a lot from that experience. No one should smoke a potent strain for their first time! You need to not to take life too seriously because it will weigh heavy on the mind.

My first time smoking marijuana was also my first bad trip.

Also, it wasn’t like the movies like so many others as well as myself expected it to be.

Fast forward to today…..I have nothing but good trips now!

That’s my story.
With hope and peace to the universe,
C.W.

Customers Cannabis Plants Grown From My Cannabis Seeds…..Awesome!!!

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Is This the Real Santa Marta Colombian Gold? My Journey Hunting for the Phenotype

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Be sure to sign up for my email list, as I spoil my list with exclusive discounts, and you will always get a heads up when I am adding more cannabis strains or seeds to the lineup, and when I add new content to the blog.

Well lets start at the beginning.

Santa Marta Colombian Gold Cannabis Strain

I grew my first Santa Marta Colombian Gold cannabis plant in 1969. I got the seeds from a kilo of ‘redbud’ that I had procured. Cannabis was generally fully seeded and fully mature in those days. No one here in the USA grew cannabis to speak of…..Certainly none was grown for bud to sell. And no one grew indoors either.

I lived in Southern Oregon at the time at nearly 4500 ft. above sea level. Needless to say, not the latitude one could successfully grow a long season tropical Sativa like plant like the Colombian Gold.

The growing season there was about 31/2 months. The Santa Marta Gold plants I grew got to about 6 ft. tall, and were very bushy, as they were about 6 ft. in diameter as well.

Long Season Santa Marta Colombian Gold Pheno

As fall approached the plants just barely began to flower, then the first frost brought an end to the grow. We didn’t know any better so we smoked the leaves, and basically got a sore throat.

I remember the plants were big, robust, healthy, and impressive. Thin Sativa like leaves, and very slow to flower, just what you would expect from a tropical Sativa.

Fast forward to today….

I have made it my passion to bring back some of those ‘old school’ cannabis strains of yesterday. So the pheno hunt has begun! I have grown Santa Marta seeds several times now, and can seed several distinct pheno-types. Some have asked how….if this is a Landrace Sativa strain…there can be ANY different pheno-types?? Well, what has happened is the Colombia Gold has been crossed….there in Colombia! The actual pure Santa Marta Colombian Gold of days gone by may be gone forever.

Santa Marta Colombian Gold Male

I can however try to isolate a pheno-type that is as close as I can get to the original genetics…..just like the plants I grew so long ago. And I am having some success…..

I found several pheno-types while growing out many of these plants….one has large leaves like an Indica dominate plant, and one is short and stocky. Both of these pheno-types are quick to flower, and are basically almost ready to harvest before my chosen pheno-type has gotten into full flower!

The pheno-type I have chosen is very Sativa dominate, and takes a long time to flower just as it should. These plants are very tall, slender, and have the thinner Sativa like leaves. I think this plant is close to the original.

I am propagating it as we speak. I have just one female, and one male….once their seed is mature I will produce enough to sell on this site. These will be F2’s and I will see if they breed true….if so, I think I will be close, and satisfied I have achieved my goal.

Then I will move on to my next project….Panama Red….

Benefits of Hydrogen Peroxide for Cannabis Plants

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The Force Cannabis Strain

Hydrogen peroxide is an extremely common antiseptic, found in many homes, as well as supermarkets, and even convenience stores. It is very cheap regarding its price, and easy to obtain. It has many great effects on cannabis plants; some of these effects aren’t commonly talked about.

In this article, you will learn of many different benefits that hydrogen peroxide can deliver to your cannabis plants.

 It is a convenient, safe, and cheap treatment to aid in pest control. Algae, Fungus Gnats, Powdery Mildew, Molds, and more pests can be completely obliterated by the use of diluted hydrogen peroxide.

It’s as simple as making a 1:4 hydrogen peroxide to water ratio solution, and spraying it on infected plants. It also deters pests, so that those pests (i.e., fungus gnats) do not return and cause a second infestation.

It can also eliminate weeds in grows where weeds are an issue, so be sure to use it if you ever encounter this issue also!

Beautiful Bud From a Free Seed Order

Hydrogen Peroxide is highly beneficial in soil grows. This is because it adds oxygen to the soil to aerate it.

Most of us know that the chemical molecule for water is H2O. However, hydrogen peroxide’s chemical molecule is H2O2. This means that there is one more oxygen molecule in hydrogen peroxide than in water, explaining the addition of oxygen to the soil. By mixing the same ratio as mentioned above of water and hydrogen peroxide, the resulting solution can serve as an excellent fertilizer for happier, healthier plants. It may also be added to water in hydroponic systems for the further incorporation of oxygen into the water.

Seed germination is yet one more process that hydrogen peroxide can provide great benefit to. As previously mentioned, hydrogen peroxide consists of one more oxygen molecule than water, which helps for seedlings to sprout from their seeds more quickly, being much stronger. A soak with the 1:4 hydrogen peroxide to water ratio can bring you outstanding results.

It is a remarkably valuable disinfectant that you may use for your supplies and tools. Since it is safe for plants, you can use it on any tools/supplies that you use in your cannabis gardening, and one cannot stress enough the importance of sanitation. It can also be mixed into the solution above to be sprayed in your growing area, such as a grow tent, or larger areas outdoors. It’s an overall disease-deterrent, so even if you have something on your tools that you definitely don’t want to bring to your plants, hydrogen peroxide will take care of that with very little effort. It also cleanses water, which is necessary for grow systems such as hydroponics.

Overall, hydrogen peroxide is wonderful for cannabis plants. It’s cheap, easy to obtain, safe, a useful disease-deterrent, and provides remarkable outcomes when applied to certain processes in cannabis growth. It serves as an effortless and ideally-suited disinfectant as well. Don’t underestimate the power of H2O2!

Using Cannabis/Marijuana….What are the Risks?

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A Guest Post by Marvin…Thanks Marvin

A good debate holds both pros and cons for a specific topic. The best debates cover the most controversial topics. In this article you are about to read, I will go over all the risks and benefits that cannabis holds. As you may know, cannabis is a plant that holds the capabilities of a drug. You may also know that drugs can hold health risks as well as other risks that many people become concerned about.

With cannabis, the risks that come with using this drug are: addiction, oral hygiene concerns, and heart deficiencies. With cannabis, the benefits that come with using this drug are: the ability to treat physical pain, the ability to treat psychological ailments, as well as increasing the ability to recall (memories). In this article, I will be switching between using the word cannabis and using the word marijuana.

Studies show 30% of those who use marijuana, may have a slight degree of a marijuana use disorder. Studies also show that 9% of people become dependent on marijuana. In 2015, an estimate of 4 million people (in America) matched the diagnostic criteria for marijuana use disorder.

Researchers have found that those who use marijuana are more likely to have oral health problems than those who don’t. It is more common for those who use cannabis to have caries than it is for non users. Caries are the decay of teeth. It is also more common for users of this drug to have more periodontal diseases and oral infections.

According to heart.org, “observational studies have linked the chemicals in marijuana to an increased risk of heart attacks, heart failure and a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation”. It has been found that 6% of patients under 50 who experience heart attacks use cannabis. It has also been found that cannabis users between the ages of 18-44 have a higher risk of having a stroke than non users do.

All of this is to say, we shouldn’t go about drugs in a light manor especially cannabis. In short, using marijuana leads to people having use disorders(addictions), tooth decay and oral infections, as well as heart attacks and heart failures. After reviewing all the risks and concerns revolving around the use of cannabis, I’d like to now view the benefits of using cannabis. As I have stated before, the benefits that come with using marijuana are: the ability to treat physical pain, the ability to treat psychological ailments, and increasing the ability to recollect.

As reported by ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, “Ninety-seven per cent of respondents used cannabis primarily for chronic pain. Average pain improvement on a 0–10 pain scale was 5.0 (from 7.8 to 2.8), which translates to a 64% relative decrease in average pain. ” The website also states that “Half of all respondents also noted relief from stress/anxiety, and nearly half (45%) reported relief from insomnia.”

In a study involving rats as test subjects, researchers found that using cannabis “induces deficits (…) of cognitive function, including working memory. In the experiment, the rats were made to choose between two things, with there being one correct answer each time. As the test progressed, researchers observed that “exposure to cannabis (smoke) significantly enhanced choice accuracy” among the rats.

This information proves how the use of marijuana can not only release someone from chronic pain but, deliver a calmer state of mind as well as, increase the ability to remember something. As laid out, the information suggests that using cannabis holds more significance in benefits than risks. Only 9% of people become reliant on cannabis, this number is less than half of the people population. As for dental hygiene, studies have found it is “more likely” that those who use this drug will have oral health problems, this suggests that there is a higher chance of having oral health problems but it is not certain. The amount of people who experience heart attacks under the age of 50 and who use cannabis, is only 6% which again, is less than half of the people population. After using cannabis to relieve pain, 64% of people felt significantly better. The users of this drug also mentioned a decrease in anxiety as well as insomnia. With this decrease of stress, more people can function properly mentally as well as physically. Lastly, this drug allows the user to reclaim information that may have gotten lost or pushed to the back of the brain.

In conclusion, using cannabis brings risks and concerns of health but there is a higher chance of the drug impacting you positively rather than negatively.