With all the to-do on social media and elsewhere I have decided to share my opinion here on the subject of honey bees and flowering cannabis.
So, do honey bees, or other pollinators frequent cannabis plants in search of food?
Well the answer is yes, and no…
Let me explain…
I have raised honey bees myself for many years, I have also grown our favorite plant for even longer….50 years plus…
Do honey bees and other pollinators derive nectar from cannabis?
The answer is no they do not. Cannabis flowers produces no nectar at all.
So do they get anything from a cannabis plant?
Previously I would have also answered no, but I was wrong. I have seen honey bees (their hive is likely close) working my outdoor seed grow this summer.
So they can, and do, harvest pollen from male cannabis plants. Pollen is a bees source of protein. Although I have not seen it, I would imagine Bumble bees, and solitary bees may well visit cannabis as a source of pollen as well.
I would believe the only other reason for butterflies or moths to visit cannabis is to lay their eggs which hatch into the much despised caterpillars you can hear so much about.
When I grew cannabis for all those years I was producing sensimilla (seedless flowers) and never purposely grew males out to maturity. So never saw any bees working the plants at all.
And, I realize the Internet is lit up with images of honey bees crowding each other on female cannabis flowers. My take on this is the female cannabis flowers have been sprayed with sugar water. That is the only reason the bees are there.
So can bees make cannabis honey?
Well sort of…..you could spray your female cannabis flowers with sugar water, and the bees will likely pick up some trichomes while sucking up the sugar water. These trichomes could conceivably make their way into the honey, infusing it with THCA. One must be aware however this THCA has not been decarboxylated….so the THC is inactive and therefore the honey will not make you high, unless of course you heat it somehow.
Now that I am producing seed for you guys I have males around, and have found bees working the males to procure their pollen. So now I am aware of bees working cannabis plants as a food source.
In conclusion…Cannabis is a wind pollinated plant, produces no nectar, so it’s pollination gets little if any help from insect pollinators. Pollinators can, however, harvest pollen (cannabis produces copious amount of pollen) from cannabis plants.
If you have any thoughts on this subject please share them in a comment.
This comparison guide was made just for you to shed light on several of the names for cannabis that are commonly heard and provide you with a reference.
So what is the difference between Indica and Sativa? And how do hybrids fit in? What about Ruderalis and hemp?
Many cannabis companies like dispensaries, websites, and many other companies in the cannabis industry are in the business of producing and selling medicinal or recreational marijuana.
These companies often only focus on Indica, Sativa, and a wide range of hybrid strains for recreational marijuana.
For health-conscious consumers, you will also find a lot of cannabidiol (CBD)-based products being sold.
All of this information and names for cannabis can be very confusing, even sometimes for veteran cannabis aficionados.
Most Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids are cannabis strains that give users a “high”.
They are designed as a product that provides recreational users with enjoyment, and patients with medical marijuana benefits. This type of cannabis is widely-produced because of its THC and CBD content levels.
These three types of cannabis provide thousands and thousands of products for recreational or medicinal use.
Like the song, it is all about the money, so these strain varieties bring in the most money and profits for businesses that capitalize from the high levels of THC produced from Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids.
By the same token, these plants also provide a massive supply of CBD oil and other related products for the medical cannabis industry, as does their cousin Hemp.
Understanding all the names, meanings, terminologies, and references to cannabis may be confusing for people who have been introduced to cannabis for the first time.
At some point in time, unless you are in complete isolation, you will probably run into marijuana consumers, a cannabis store, a dispensary, a smoke shop, or just hanging out with friends, and the topic of marijuana pops up.
Thanks to this guide, you will be able to join in on the discussion.
If marijuana discussion is not your thing, at the least, you will be able to understand what is being spoken since you will be familiar with the different types of cannabis. This guide is designed to finally give you a clear understanding of the most commonly-heard cannabis terminologies: Indica, Sativa, hybrids, and Ruderalis, and hemp.
If you are a cannabis grower, you may have come across Ruderalis and hemp before.
Otherwise, you will probably hear people refer to these cannabis plants as “the ones that do not get you high”. You may also hear someone refer to them as the plants used to extract CBD oil or used in construction.
While that may be true to some extent, many marijuana consumers know about some types of cannabis and not others because some of these terms are used more on the agricultural side of the cannabis world.
When it comes to Ruderalis and hemp, you will rarely hear these terms used around smokers, dealers, or in cannabis dispensaries unless you run across a cannabis store selling autoflower seeds or clones and someone is taking the time to educate growers. (Ruderalis is instrumental in producing stable auto-flowering genetics) Usually, this free information is not given out, you have to look for it.
Since Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids are the most popularly consumed varieties of cannabis for recreational use, people usually know more about these plants. Most people that only use marijuana for recreational use will only be familiar with these three terms. They may not have much knowledge of Ruderalis or hemp.
On the other hand, if you meet a cannabis grower, this person will probably be armed with a lot more knowledge and information on Ruderalis and hemp. This person may be the complete opposite of a consumer or smokes what he or she grows and never visits a dispensary.
This guide makes you a winner on both sides, whether you are a consumer or a grower, and you will know what the many terms for cannabis means from now on.
Indica vs Sativa vs Ruderalis vs Hemp
We should not forget the lowly hemp plant, nor the Ruderellis strain in our comparison, so here is an in-depth comparison of Indica, Sativa, hybrids, Ruderalis, and hemp.
Cannabis Indica is cultivated for many purposes and was first identified, recorded, and published in 1785 by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French biologist.
The plant originates in the harsh mountainous regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Through his studies, he recognized the plant as a separate species from sativa, which is still argued today.
The Indica strain is well-known for its therapeutic effects, such as providing chronic pain relief and other medicinal remedies.
Popular strains of Indica include Northern Lights, Purple Kush, and Granddaddy Purple, among others.
It is also common for Indicas to provide a relaxing effect when smoked or consumed, and most strains typically include high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
The THC compound puts Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids on the recreational side of the house because these plants come packed with higher and higher levels of THC.
They also come with various terpene combinations, making these plants exciting, thrilling, and very enjoyable for recreational cannabis lovers.
The effect and high from Indicas are commonly used to treat a wide range of psychological and physical symptoms like:
Treatment for Insomnia
Loss of appetite
The high THC levels in many Indica plants can provide strong euphoric effects. Some users tend to feel more stoned and relaxed when consuming Indica strains…..resulting in a term for the Indica type of high….couchlock!
Since people are often seeking ways to relax and relieve stress, Indicas are a popular alternative.
Indicas are famous because, like when some people drink alcohol or other substances to alleviate their stress and worries, Indica strains provide the same, if not better, effects and/or relief.
Users can relieve stress, pain, and worries without adverse effects such as a hangover from consuming too much alcohol. Indicas are popularly used for recreational and medicinal purposes as well as clinical research.
The Indica plant is a broad-leaved plant, usually short in stature, which you can identify from other marijuana strains.
Traditionally, these plants were cultivated for centuries to produce different varieties of hashish which is still prevalent in West and Central Asia. In this part of the world, hashish has served for centuries to treat many illnesses in traditional Eastern medicine.
Since hashish is also high in THC, it is also famous for recreational use.
Indica plants are bushy plants with round, healthy leaves.
They tend to grow from nine up to thirteen leaves.
Indica leaves are also much broader, thicker, and darker green when compared to other cannabis varieties.
Buds are dense and have intense, spicy, or dank aromas.
Many of the purple varieties of cannabis are Indica strains.
Indica nugs, or buds, tend to be large, tight, and very dense.
They also tent to contain copious amounts of trichomes. Indica buds tent to be darker as well, the plants themselves tend to darken with age, and temperature.
Cooler fall temperatures tend to bring on those dark purple colors all cannabis growers seem to crave.
Indica buds tend to smell earthy, and pundgent. as opposed to Sativa strains that can smell fruity, flowery, and even sweet.
Indica Plant Type
Indica plants tend to be shorter than either Sativa or Hybrid plants, but generally taller then Ruderalis and Hemp plants.
Indica plants were initially cultivated in Afghanistan in the Hindu Kush region, which is why you hear of famous strains like OG Kush, Tangie Kush, Pineapple Kush, among others.
Indicas have also been traditionally cultivated in areas around Tibet.
The average height of most Indica plants ranges from three to six feet tall.
Benefits of Indica
Indica plants can provide different and even more medicinal properties than sativa strains because they have higher levels of CBD oils. Studies have shown that Indicas can serve as a muscle relaxer and provide excellent pain relief. Other medicinal properties include analgesic effects due to the high levels of CBD oils in most plants.
People rate the effects of Indica plants as providing a body high rather than a cerebral one, which is why this plant is most popularly used for muscle relaxation and sedation.
After consuming Indica, you can expect a body high and that couchlock feeling.
Sometimes Indica users feel physically heavy and highly relaxed to the point where they do not even want to move.
Indica plants also stimulate the appetite and give you the “munchies,” so you may feel hungry and want to snack on food.
Consumers who enjoy Indica often buy lots of snacks and relax in front of their favorite TV show or movie.
Others use Indicas to wind down and relax, and some people also use them as a sleep aid.
Recommended Growing Methods for Indica Plants
Indoor growers prefer Indica strains because they grow shorter and thicker than other types of cannabis plants. If you are a newbie grower and you have a grow box and lights, you will probably want to start your first grow with an Indica plant….although autoflowering plants are right there too.
Another reason Indicas are preferred by some growers is that plants of this variety can be planted more closely together. They do not require as much space to grow when compared to Sativas and sativa-dominant hybrids.
Growers interested in producing more buds take advantage of this factor with Indicas. The additional space allows a grower to yield an additional one-and-a-half to two more ounces per plant.
For someone making a profit, those extra two ounces can make a huge difference.
In addition, the potency level of Indica plants, which typically has a much higher THC level than their sativa counterparts.
People love the effects of THC and the euphoric sensation it has when consumed. The higher levels of THC in Indicas is another reason some growers favor Indicas over Sativas.
The average flowering time for Indicas is usually 45 to 60 days.
Indica is also the go-to plant for growers who are interested in making hashish.
Some say pure Indicas are more difficult to grow, I would have to disagree with this assumption. I believe all cannabis plants are relatively easy to grow out, although hybrids that show good hybrid vigor can make growing an Indica dominate hybrid a slam dunk!
Choose the right strain for you
Control your plant size during the vegetation stage
Grow small and fast, so pack your grow space
Train your plants for higher yields using Sea of Green (SCOG), low-stress training, super cropping, among other growing techniques
Ensure proper ventilation, humidity, and watering schedule
Trim broad, heavy fan leaves during late flowering just before harvest time
Do a proper job of drying the buds and curing them
The Sativa marijuana strain is known for growing in hot, dry climates and some of the hottest places, including Africa, Western Asia, Southeast Asia, Central America, and many other locations.
Sativa plants have been cultivated since recorded history began and has been a source of not only recreational use and medicine, but a wide range of other uses to include:
Many other uses
Like Indicas, the entire plant is valuable and can be harvested for some benefit or utility purpose. In 1753, Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, first classified sativa as “things that are cultivated”.
Popular strains of sativa include Sour Diesel, Green Crack, Amnesia Haze, among many others.
Sativas in low THC varieties are commonly used to make hemp-related products, especially hemp seed oil. For centuries, this oil has been used for various purposes, including cooking, painting, making lacquers, lamps, and even animal feed.
These plants are easily recognized and distinguished by their thin, narrow leaves. Sativas usually have more fingers than Indica leaves, I have seen as many as 13.
In contrast to Indica plants, sativa plants fare better outdoors due to their exceptional height (up to 12 feet). The slender sativa leaf also has more fingers than the Indica leaf, sometimes as many as thirteen.
Sativa leaves also tend to be a lighter shade of green then their Indica cousins
Buds are lighter in weight when compared to Indicas and sometimes have touches of orange or red color. Some have described Sativa buds as being airy, or even wispy.
Sativas can make up for their lighter buds by the number of buds a large plant can produce.
Stativa Plants can also get big, and produce a copious amount of flowers.
The aromas from Sativas are usually subtle, fruity, or even sweet.
Sativa Plant Type
This plant originates in equatorial climates such as Mexico, South America, Thailand, and southern Africa.
This plant is known to grow quite large, making it the best cannabis plant to produce outdoors.
You can expect them to grow on an average of six feet in height, but they can grow as high as 20 feet or more. I have grown 20 foot tall Sativas myself.
There really is no limit to how tall or how big a sativa plant can grow.
An online search of many of the popular cannabis themed video sites or blogs, and you will find images and videos of enormous, super-tall sativa plants.
Sativa plants always get the best growth and achieve maximum height when grown outdoors in full sunlight.
Benefits of Sativa
You can expect stimulating and uplifting effects when using sativa strains. When you consume this plant, you get a “head” high where the effects are mainly felt in the brain. These effects are unlike Sativas that produce a body effect.
Some people prefer this strain because it has the opposite effects of Indica. Sativas make you want to get up and dance and do something active like:
Many other activities
Many people will recommend the effects of Sativas for daytime use for those who want to feel focused and energized.
However, some Sativas are so potent that they can cause hallucinogenic effects, and just like caffeine, if you consume too much, it may cause you to be hyperactive or have problems sleeping.
If you are prone to anxiety or feeling anxious and worried all the time, it may not be a good idea to consume potent Sativas.
For medicinal use, Sativas are helpful for specific medical problems:
Lack of appetite
Individuals with ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) can reap the medicinal benefits of this strain of cannabis daily. The main reason that people living with ADHD is they often require the intense concentration that the effects of Sativas provide.
Many people with ADHD need this intense level of concentration to complete tasks. Also, sativa strains provide people with ADHD with increased energy and focus.
People who suffer from depression also benefit from Sativas by increased mood elevation and desire to be active.
Sativas naturally come with an abundant amount of cannabinol (CBD) which studies have shown and proven to be one of the best antidepressants.
Sativa strains often come with high concentrations of CBD, which allows some strains to balance out the stimulating effects of Sativas.
CBD is non-psychoactive, and high concentrations in sativa strains help counteract the sometimes adverse effects of THC, such as paranoia, anxiety, or other psychoactive effects.
Many people underestimate the power of CBD, but it even helps recreational users without them even knowing it.
Recommended Growing Methods For Sativa Plants
Sativas typically take a longer time to flower when compared to Indicas. When growing outdoors in warm climates, it usually takes 60 to 90 days to flower.
For indoor grows, you can manipulate the light cycle and bring these plants to maturity much faster.
The best time for growing Sativas is during the summertime because these plants love the sun. Here are a few growing tips to help you grow Sativas more successfully.
Sativas need a lot more vertical space than Indicas. Consider the grow area size if you want to grow Sativas indoors. You should not have a problem growing outside as long as the plant can get full sun daily.
Top plants in the third and fifth weeks during the growing phase.
Limit your veg phase to no more than five weeks.
Ensure your water quality, nutrients, and root zone pH are consistent because Sativa plants can become very sensitive to environmental factors.
Use reverse-osmosis water, organic soils, quality nutrients, and an adequately controlled environment.
Marijuana strains termed hybrids are genuinely a blessing to the world of cannabis plants because hybrids allow growers and consumers to have a diverse range of marijuana strains, and combinations of those strains.
It is a good idea to understand both the characteristics and benefits of these plants. As a grower or consumer, you can tailor hybrid plants to meet your specific medicinal or recreational use needs.
These plants can be any combination of Sativa, Indica, Ruderellis, and even hemp strains.
Most hybrids grown today are either sativa crossed with an Indica, or a Sativa or Indica crossed with a Ruderellis plant…which results in an autoflower cannabis strain.
Hybrids are usually easily identifiable by their names because they will include the terms of the combined strains to make the hybrid plant.
Some hybrids are Sativa-dominant, while others are categorized as Indica-dominant.
Many hybrid strains will have an equal mix of both types of cannabis, and you will find that most marijuana strains found today are hybrids.
Since there are very few pure Indicas or Sativas, and there are many people producing the seeds that are available, hybridization will likely assure the pure stains will become harder to find.
The leaves of hybrids can differ based on the phenotype. If the plant is a Sativa-dominant strain, it may exhibit the thin, narrow leaves commonly found on pure Sativa plants.
Likewise, if it is an Indica dominant plant, you can expect broader and darker-colored leaves to be present.
Cannabis Hybrid leaves tend to be somewhere in the middle, and are very common these days. And one benefit of hybrid cannabis is that it can exhibit hybrid vigor, which is growing very strong and fast!
Hybrid Plant Type
Hybrids are usually a combination of Sativa, Indica, and sometimes Ruderalis cannabis strains. Typically, either the Sativa or Indica genetics will dominate, creating “sativa-dominant” or “Indica-dominant” phenotype.
Hybrid plants vary in size depending on if it is sativa or Indica-dominant. You can expect Sativa-dominant plants to grow tall while Indicas will grow much shorter in height.
And of course the inclusion of the Ruderalis plants genetics will create an auto-flowering cannabis strain.
Benefits of Hybrids
Plant genetics play a significant role in the effects of hybrids because each experience is different depending on the hybrid strain.
Sativa-dominant hybrids will have the same effect as a pure sativa, giving you uplifting effects and more focus.
Indica-dominant strains will have the same effects as a pure Indica and incorporate more couchlock, sedative, and relaxation effects.
It is also essential to pay attention to the CBD-to-THC ratio and the terpene content in hybrids to fully understand how each strain works.
Recommended Growing Methods For Hybrid Plants
Hybrid strains are prevalent among growers and consumers because Indica-dominant strains often have a shorter flowering time and higher yields.
This feature of hybrid cannabis is fantastic for commercial growers who need to meet consumer demand which is constantly changing.
Sativa hybrids provide considerable benefits to growers even though they have lower yields and longer flowering times.
The reason is that hybrids are often more heat- and mold-resistant because of their hybrid genetics. This factor makes sativa hybrids a more viable crop and more preferred by growers than pure Sativas.
One factor that makes hybrids so fantastic is that you can customize the variety of strains to your specific needs if you have a medical condition. You can customize:
Type of marijuana you want to grow based on hybrid genetics
Type of growing medium
There are also many other factors, methods, and techniques you can incorporate to give you better control of your marijuana grow and consumption.
In addition, a new hybrid strain is introduced every day, so you can only expect hybrids to continue to improve in quality.
Other effects to consider besides the THC-to-CBD ratio are the lesser-known cannabinoids such as CBC (cannabichromene), CBG(cannabigerol), and THCV(delta 9 tetrahydrocannabivarin), among others.
There is still much to learn about cannabis because it has remained illegal for so long, so more research and study are still required.
For example, there is still so much more to learn and understand about the effects of individual terpenes in hybrid strains.
These elements play a role in how the plant affects people when consumed. Focusing only on THC or CBD levels does not give a clear understanding of the full effects and potential of hybrid cannabis plants.
Knowing which strain you are using is essential when growing hybrid strains, which is usually very easily identifiable by its name.
For example, when you know the strain’s name, you can easily understand its Sativa-Indica genetic inheritance.
This information is critical to know as a grower because you want to learn as much about the plant as possible before you start growing.
By following this valuable advice, you can plan accordingly and calculate the expected outcome during harvest.
When growing from unknown seeds or unidentified plants, you do not know what kind of marijuana plant you are growing, and you might not get the outcome you were looking for.
There is no specific method to grow hybrids effectively because each hybrid plant is different.
However, they are helpful to growers in many ways.
As a grower, the methods you choose to grow will depend on what you want to achieve and the amount of space used for the growing area.
Hybrid cannabis plants are beneficial for indoor growing areas because they many of them (Indica dominate) can grow in tight, small spaces.
Some are also heat resistant which makes them preferable for use with indoor grow lights.
On the other hand, hybrids allow indoor growers to grow strains that are more heat-resistant so you can have more successful harvests. Make sure to choose the right strain that can handle the heat environment for your growing area.
Heat is just one of the factors growers can use when deciding which type of hybrid plant to grow.
If you are trying to do an outdoor grow in a Northern climate with a short growing season, you may want to consider an Indica-dominant strain better suited for colder climates and shorter growing seasons.
If you live in an area with a desert climate with little water or not much fertile soil, you can choose to grow a hybrid strain that is better suited to thrive in extreme conditions.
Do not just try to grow hybrids without first taking the time to know which strains are best suited for your growing area and specific needs.
Auto Flower Cannabis Hybrids
I cannot leave the hybrid category of cannabis strains without touching on the auto flowering cannabis plant in more detail.
Auto flowers have been around for a while now and only continue to grow in popularity.
They are created by introducing Ruderalis genetics into about any photo type of cannabis plant.
They mature quickly, and one can easily harvest several times in one growing season!
Lets take a moment and look at the pros, and the cons of autoflowers.
Autoflowers flower because of age, rather the the light cycle.
Autos are fast, making several harvests in one season possible.
Autos are smaller in stature then either Indicas, or Sativas. Easier to conceal, and less space needed to grow.
Because of the Ruderalis genes autoflowers contain they are tough, and easy to grow, even for beginners.
Autoflowering marijuana plants are well suited for growing either indoors, or outdoors.
Autoflowering cannabis plants are cheaper to grow then their full season cousins.
Autos are not bothered much by light leaks, or any stray light they may be subject to.
Auto-flowers don’t need to be transplanted, and generally shouldn’t be manipulated that way.
Auto flowers as a whole are only likely to improve
Lower yields, since the plants are smaller, so are the yields.
Lower THC content, although this is improving as time goes on.
Less time to correct growing errors, the speed of autoflowers may not give them time to recover for mistakes.
They can be more expensive, many people grow them under an 18/6, or even a 24/0 lighting regime, which cause more electric consumption.
Cloning, although they can indeed be cloned, again they have little time to recover from it.
Loss of control of the flowering period. Photo cannabis plants allow for manipulation of the flowering cycle.
I enjoy growing autos because of their many advantages, and they can be a sight to behold when flowered and finished in the dog days of summer.
I get many new cannabis growers here on my site, and I would recommend they all cut their growing teeth with autoflowers. For a new grower they simply offer the best avenue to expertise.
Cannabis Ruderalis is a cannabis plant that you commonly do not hear about too often.
You will listen to many people usually talking about Indicas and Sativas, and even hemp, but why does no one speak about Ruderalis?
Although Ruderalis is a primary variety of cannabis, it is a lesser-known type because it is not popular among smokers or recreational users of cannabis.
Even many medical marijuana users may not be familiar with cannabis Ruderalis.
The key feature that makes this type of marijuana plant such a winner and so important, especially to growers, is that it can grow in extremely harsh climates and conditions, and it’s ability to flower by age, rather then the hours of darkness it is exposed to.
Ruderalis cannabis plants are similar to Indicas because they also have very thick foliage. It’s leaves can be Indica like, or Sativa like likely depending on the region of it’s origin.
Ruderalis buds are chunky, sturdy, and generally smaller than other types of cannabis plants.
Ruderalis buds contain little if any THC, so are not grown for recreational use. They do however contain copious amounts of some of the other cannabinoids….such as CBD.
Although Ruderalis is not generally grown for it’s bud, it could well become popular in the future for it’s medicinal properties.
Ruderalis Plant Type
The Ruderalis plant originates and grows in the northernmost regions of the world in Central and Eastern Europe and various areas in Asia.
These plants flourish in climates that are incredibly harsh where no other cannabis species could survive.
They also survive very short growing seasons, which means they flower the fastest compared to different cannabis plants.
Another unique feature about this plant is that when compared to Indicas and Sativas, the seeds from the Ruderalis plant are extremely tough.
You can crack, freeze, step on, or burn Ruderalis seeds, and somehow, they can still grow.
The ability of this plant to survive nearly any kind of condition is impressive and provides clues and links to keys and discoveries on how to grow cannabis in outer space.
This cannabis plant will still survive even after a world catastrophe like a nuclear holocaust or an Ice Age.
It is extremely powerful!
To understand Ruderalis a bit more, you may not believe that this plant grew wild on the side of the road or was found growing on unattended farmland just a few years ago.
All of that changed with the introduction of autoflowering strains.
Another feature that separates Ruderalis apart from Indicas and Sativas is its ability to flower regardless of the light cycle.
If a cannabis plant is not an autoflowering plant with Ruderalis characteristics, the lighting (either natural sunlight or indoor grow lights) must be manipulated naturally through seasonal change if it is an outdoor grow, or by the grower using a grow light cycle to induce flowering.
The benefit of the autoflowering characteristics in the Ruderalis plant is that you can count on your plants to automatically begin flowering in a short time after planting them regardless of the light cycle.
This feature really changed the game for growers because they no longer have to monitor the light cycle and risk ruining a harvest. It also makes growing cannabis easier.
These plants often grow between 20 to 25 inches in height. Ruderalis has the shortest stature when compared to Indica, Sativas or hemp.
Benefits of Ruderalis
There is no significant high from pure Ruderalis cannabis, and it usually has deficient levels of THC.
Ruderalis does not cause any psychotropic effects, and you should not consume any of it and expect to get the THC high.
The lack of THC content is also one of the reasons that growers typically never grow Ruderalis as a pure species.
Most likely, you will not find it sold when shopping for marijuana seeds online.
These reasons also explain why Ruderalis is often unknown to recreational users because they never come in contact with pure Ruderalis plants.
On the other hand, Ruderalis is high in CBD, making it quite useful for medicinal purposes.
Just as with the use of different types of cannabis plants, there are medical marijuana patients who take advantage of the benefits of CBD without the high and other effects associated with other types of cannabis plants that are high in THC.
Since Ruderalis has minimal THC, it benefits medical marijuana patients, especially for treating insomnia or anxiety.
The high CBD content in the Ruderalis plant is often preferred by many medical patients for providing calming and relaxing effects.
Recommended Growing Methods For Ruderalis
The great thing about Ruderalis is that it is a must-have among breeders.
As mentioned before, most growers do not focus on Ruderalis as a standalone crop.
Instead, it is crossed with other marijuana species to create autoflowering hybrids that automatically begin to flower between 21 and 30 days regardless of how the lighting is manipulated.
As a result, growers can create thousands of different strains and Indica/Sativa/Ruderalis hybrids; hence the term “autoflowers”. By doing so, strains are created that are more potent in THC and become autoflower plants.
Others are crossbred to provide a high CBD content and other CBD-to-THC ratios depending on the desired outcome.
This ability to crossbreed Ruderalis to create autoflowering cannabis plants is how breeders can introduce new strains and never-before-seen varieties of cannabis.
Hemp is a subspecies of the marijuana plant and one of the oldest domesticated crops in the world.
Also known as industrial hemp, it is listed in a class of cannabis sativa cultivars.
Hemp is considered one of the fastest-growing plants on Earth next to bamboo. According to recorded history, it was first cultivated in East Asia in 10000 BC and was first spun into fiber 50,000 years ago.
Since then, varieties of hemp have made their way around the world.
The fibers from the hemp plant can be woven into a variety of materials. This durable material has been used to make rope and canvas for centuries.
Hemp is an excellent resource, and there is still much more growth for the hemp industry.
Hemp has long been a competitor to cotton as an agricultural cash crop, but historically, politics has played a considerable role in promoting hemp agriculture until recently. Many people prefer the quality and price of hemp over cotton.
However, when the cotton gin was introduced, it made cotton more feasible to sell.
The DuPont company also lobbied for laws against hemp and set the standard to produce cotton products until 2014.
Unfortunately money has always been a driving force in the anti-legalization efforts of this wonderful plant.
In 2014, President Obama passed a farm bill that clarified the differences between hemp and marijuana.
This legislation legally allowed farmers to restart hemp production.
President Trump also passed legislation to ensure the continued legalization, farming, and production of hemp.
Here are some of the products made with hemp:
Hemp comes with two kinds of leaves…..sugar leaves and fan leaves.
Sugar leaves can be found easily because they are primarily located at the head. You will also see that they are covered in trichomes which give them a frosty appearance. These leaves are the extensions that look like tiny fingers you will see extending from the bud.
Fan leaves are much bigger than the sugar leaves and increase in size as they extend farther from the head. They do not have as many trichomes on them as the sugar leaves but have the highest benefits the plant offers.
Both leaves provide countless benefits and use for people who consume them.
Dried hemp leaves are used in a variety of ways, particularly as a drinking tea. When consumed as tea, it is an herbal treatment that provides a soothing, relaxing effect.
Resin that is naturally derived from hemp is fat-soluble. It is pretty potent when heated with coconut oil or milk.
Hemp buds look alot like the buds of it’s THC producing cousins sativa, and indica cannabis. They are nearly devoid of THC however, but can be rich in some of the other cannabinoids. Hemp buds are becoming more mainstream as times goes on. And are readily available at many rec shops.
Hemp Plant Type
Hemp is a variation of the cannabis sativa species and is often confused with its marijuana look alike. It is easy to mistake hemp for a cannabis sativa plant.
Since both plants share the cannabis sativa name, this super plant was outlawed for many years.
Plants generally grow from three to eight feet tall. Some hemp plants can reach heights as tall as 15 feet high. Hemp plants like all cannabis plants are annual plants and complete their life cycle within one, single growing season.
Benefits Of Hemp
All parts of the hemp plant are used in many ways, and here are some of the most common uses.
Countless other products
Hemp leaves….Pressed to make juices and also consumed in fresh green salads. Known to be nutrient-rich and often brewed to create a relaxing CBD tea.
Hemp fibers…..Plant fibers are an excellent material commonly used to make paper products and manufacture clothing. It is now common to find hemp rolling papers sold in many stores and smoke shops.
Fibers are also used to make canvas, rope, and plastic composites. Other uses for hemp fibers include the production of ethanol fuel and other bio fuels that can power engines.
Cannabis consumers who prefer to smoke joints often choose rolling papers made out of hemp rather than other types of rolling papers. These health-conscious cannabis consumers prefer hemp papers because they do not contain any chemicals used in making the papers, and they are produced naturally.
Hemp stalks….The plant’s stem contains many fibers used to make a wide range of items.
Hemp Hurd….The inner part of the stalk that is woody. It is used to make hempcrete which is a mixture of hemp chips and lime. This material is growing in demand in the construction industry as an incredibly popular, carbon-negative building material. Hemp hurd is also used to make animal bedding, mulch, fiberboard, and more.
Hemp contains deficient levels of THC. To qualify as hemp, plants must have a THC level of less than 0.3%.
In the US, hemp is legal to sell as well as all products made from the plant. In simple words, if you try to smoke or consume hemp, you will not get h
Recommended Growing methods For Hemp
For centuries, farmers have always known hemp to be an excellent cash crop.
Hemp is easy to grow, and is finally coming to it’s own here in the USA.
Two main reasons are that it requires very little fertilizer and grows to maturity quickly, ranging from 8 to 12 weeks.
Since it grows to maturity so quickly, farmers can harvest three or four times in one season, and this fast turnaround is essential for income and livelihood.
Congratulations! You should now have arrived at a more complete and thorough understanding of the five different marijuana terminologies often used today.
This in-depth comparison barely scratches the surface, and there is always more to learn about cannabis.
However, you can take your marijuana learning and growing skills to a whole new level with this knowledge.
Best of all, you can now converse about our favorite plant with a better understanding, and you can even give recommendations to others when it comes to consuming or growing.
Many state that there are tricks on sexing a cannabis seed by its overall appearance. A popular photo shows on the Internet quite frequently, and a lot of cannabis growers use this photo as reference to sex their seeds.
Most cannabis growers would much rather know the sex of their seed immediately, but is this possible?
Here, we will go over this theory, as well as the photo.
Contrary to what many think, you cannot sex a cannabis seed simply by looking at a seeds characteristics. Furthermore, you cannot sex a cannabis seed, period.
Cannabis growers and cannabis enthusiasts alike- beware of this well-known myth.
If this were the case, the process for feminized cannabis seeds would not exist, and would not be such a “hit” in the cannabis seed market.
The Photo Behind the Myth
Here is that photo that is widely recognized by many tokers and growers as a genuine guide to sexing cannabis seeds.
This photo displays five seeds (which honestly, may not even be cannabis seeds)- the photo states that two of the seeds are male, while the remaining three are female.
According to this photo, if there is no “perfectly round” crater present at the bottom of the seed, it is surely a male seed. This is purely myth.
In addition, you cannot sex a weed seed by the way it rolls on a flat surface. This photo should be considered nonsensical, however, there are still far too many who side with these false statements.
There are also many seed banks online who are currently selling seeds that they claim to be certain are feminized seeds, however, use the seeds’ characteristics as determination that the seeds are female.
There are even some seed banks who offer “free male seeds” to customers as a promotion.
JustCannabisSeed.com may not offer feminized seeds, but we do offer you the guarantee that your seeds’ genders are unknown- which is much better than having your hopes let down by a falsely-informed seedbank.
We would much rather tell you that we are unsure of the sex of your seeds, than to promise that they are either female or male cannabis seeds, and later find out that the exact opposite is true.
There is no surefire, 100% guaranteed way of sexing a cannabis seed by its appearance. If anyone tells you otherwise, please let them know that this is a common myth. Stay informed with JustCannabisSeed.com.
The biggest step to growing cannabis is making the decision to become a dedicated weed plant grower in the cannabis community.
After making this initial decision, you will be faced with many more options to consider from- including one of very high significance that we will talk about in this article.
Any grower of weed plants, between novice and expert, will all have differing views when participating in the clones vs cannabis seeds discussion.
Usually, you will receive an opinion that is either one extreme, or the other. This can make it awfully confusing for a new pot plant grower to decide for themselves in this popular debate.
Cloning is, obviously, an entirely different method of growing cannabis than growing from weed seeds. Cuttings are obtained from the parent plant to create completely separate plants which contain the exact same genetic makeup as the parent plant.
Many growers consider this to be an unprincipled method when growing marijuana plants, and others- a practical, inventive approach to growing new plants with a high potential for an unmatchable, impressive flower yield.
So, which method should one follow when taking their next steps in growing a cannabis plant?
We will list general pros and cons of growing weed plants by using each method, so you can better decide for yourself which method will suit you best when growing your marijuana plants.
When growing weed plants from clones, the germination process is one that will be skipped entirely.
This, however, does not mean that growing large, vigorous cannabis plants by cloning them is an easier process than from growing from seed. There are important things to consider since the clone will be genetically composed of the same makeup as its parent plant.
This can mean that issues of condition and health that are present in the parent plant will most likely negatively affect your clone.
Growing Cannabis from Clones- the Pros
Here are some general advantages of using clones regarding the clones vs seeds debate:
· The process of growing cannabis plants from clones can be remarkably quicker and convenient, since the early, super-vulnerable stages of growth that occur when growing from seed are “skipped.”
· If the parent plant of the clone possess great genetics and is in optimal health, this is a good indicator that your clone will be in positive condition as well.
· Clones may be grown by repeatedly taking cuttings from parent plants, meaning that the need for seeds in order to grow marijuana plants may never arise again.
· There is no need to worry about growing errors occurring during the seedling stage of weed plant growth.
Growing Cannabis From Clones-The Cons
Now, we will cover some of the disadvantages of using clones to grow cannabis plants that should be taken into serious consideration, especially by beginner cannabis growers:
· There is an implied guarantee that if the parent plane the clone was taken from was in bad condition, whether it be immunity to common issues, plant disease, or overall bad genetics, your clone will inherit these problems.
· If you seek to grow autoflowering cannabis strains, autoflowering plants are, in general, not able to be cloned. Photoperiod strains are the cannabis plants which are used for cloning purposes. The reason being is that autoflowering plants do not have a growth stage which is lengthy enough to allow the plant time to successfully grow from the cuttings that are taken.
· Cloning is widely considered to be cheating when growing cannabis plants, especially by weed growers who believe in the more traditional methods associated with growing cannabis plants.
Growing Cannabis From Seeds
· Plants that are grown from seed have a greater potential to be stronger, much more resilient, and produce more extraordinary yields.
There are both benefits and downfalls when considering using the cloning method to grow cannabis plants compared to the old-fashioned method of growing from seed.
If you have decided that you would like to experiment with cloning plants, though, what information do you need to know in order to achieve results of the highest quality?
Most importantly, ensure that the parent cannabis plant is in good health and appears to exhibit decent genetic makeup.
In general, the best outcomes when taking cuttings to grow by using the cloning method are seen in the third generation- cannabis growers who are knowledgeable in the cloning method often say that this generation of plants has the toughest and speediest-growing plants with the most desirable yields produced.
The popular argument on cloning vs seeds regarding the growing of cannabis plants is still one with extremely opposing views and interpretations.
Nevertheless, no matter which method you choose to grow your cannabis plants, make sure that you conduct all of your research necessary in order to achieve maximum yield when growing weed plants.
Virginia hasn’t been a terrible place for me to spend my life in, so far. What makes Virginia such a beautiful state, in my opinion, are the admirable natural and agricultural aspects.
The scenery is amazing, and the plants that surround my hometown in Central Virginia greatly contribute to the loveliness of the area- especially the cannabis plants with a plethora of different weed strains.
Schuyler (pronounced sky-lurr) is a Virginian town located in Nelson County, which isn’t far from me at all; maybe twenty minutes or so down the highway and farther into the woods. Most people probably don’t know about this town, yet many know about the popular cannabis strain native to this town- Schuyler Skunk. This strain, which has been around for decades, is some seriously killer weed.
Schuyler Skunk became popular sometime in the 80s or 90s, especially to the locals.
Possessing a highly pleasant buzz and an incredibly, uniquely strong aroma, Schuyler Skunk is a sativa strain, with a pretty moderate THC concentration.
Actually, many that have tried it would consider it to be a highly potent cannabis strain.
It became widespread due to its unforgettable, undeniably enjoyable head high, and still remains a super sought-after cannabis strain throughout the country.
Although there are some ideas out there on its origination, for the most part, the beginning of this strain’s existence remains a mystery. The collective theory is that it was derived from a home-bred, experimental local cannabis grow.
Sadly, this strain isn’t nearly as common as it used to be. The popularity and availability of Schuyler Skunk dwindled down in the late 90s, but if you’re lucky enough, and happen to know the right people, then there’s always still a chance to relive the sweet memory of experiencing the distinctive feeling that this strain offers.
The first time that I ever saw this strain being grown, every single weed plant’s stalks grew to a size to where they could only be cut down with an electric pruning saw- this occurred when very, VERY little effort was put into the growth of these plants.
I could only imagine the size that these cannabis plants would’ve reached if the proper love and care had been put forth into their growth. I also recall the duration of its vegetative stage being significantly lengthy.
My old friend would start this strain earlier than most other cannabis strains, yet the Schuyler Skunk marijuana plants would always end up the last ones harvested.
Countless people all over the United States have stated that they want this cannabis strain to make a comeback. Perhaps it will, considering the weed legalization in Virginia that recently took place.
I will hope for the best, and in the meantime, reminisce on the pungent, characteristic strain, Schuyler Skunk, and be reminded by myself of back when 420 was just about every day while smoking this sweet herb.
Molasses is a common household item that can provide serious benefit when growing cannabis plants. It is cheap, and easy to obtain- it’s able to be bought at just about any grocery store.
Although very commonly overlooked, molasses can contribute greatly to the desired results when cultivating cannabis.
Soil is, of course, one of the downright most important factors in successfully growing marijuana plants. It contains vital nutrients and microorganisms that are imperative in the process of maintaining healthy cannabis plants during growth.
Soil must contain the proper nutrients, as well as the proper amount of nutrients, which is also vital in order for the beneficial microorganisms to flourish within.
These facts explain why molasses can be such a useful tool in the growth of marijuana plants. Molasses is extremely rich in nutrients that your plants need, and serves as an excellent source of carbohydrates to properly feed the microorganisms within the soil that, essentially, boost the soil’s ability to produce high-yielding marijuana plants.
Molasses also helps to prevent the build-up of potentially harmful pathogens and decreases the accumulation of salt, which can cause many different issues for your plant.
To use molasses in your cannabis grows, to feed your soil; ones needs to simple add it in the correct ratio.
One method is to include molasses in your plant’s watering schedule.
This is one of the easiest and most common methods used when utilizing molasses and its effects on cannabis growth. To do this, dissolve molasses in the water that you are going to water your plants with. It’s that simple. In order to figure out how much molasses to use, use the general guide of 1.5 tablespoons per 5 liters of water as reference. By using smaller doses like this, there’s less risk of issues arising such as nutrient burn.
Most often, the true benefits that molasses will provide to your marijuana plants will be noticed during the flowering phase of cannabis growth. However, it is still recommended that if using molasses to improve success in your weed plant’s growth, use the molasses method from the vegetative stage all the way through the flowering stage.
Molasses is great for many things, including growing outstanding marijuana plants. If the method of using molasses is used correctly, one should experience truly notable results.
The ongoing debate remains a strong one regarding whether or not indoor or outdoor growing is better for cannabis plants. Of course, there are both advantages and disadvantages to indoor and outdoor growing. However, currently, commercial cannabis farming has changed many deciding factors on whether or not indoor or outdoor growing is best for growing marijuana plants.
Before legalization was as widespread as it is today in the U.S., the cultivation of cannabis plants was mainly through indoor growth. This was to keep the plants hidden and out of sight, so that less risk of getting caught growing weed plants was posed. However, now that a significantly large portion of states within the U.S. have legalized the growth of cannabis plants, profit regarding weed plant growth has made a huge impact on the primary environment in which cannabis plants are grown in.
The answer is simple, though: it all depends on the grower and what works best for them, as well as their motives for growing marijuana. It is dependent on circumstance; the climate and latitude in your growing area, as well as whether you grow in a more rural or urban environment are all deciding factors on whether or not indoor or outdoor marijuana plant growth is best for you.
Indoor cannabis growing offers you complete control over the environment- temperature, light cycles and source, humidity, etc. are all factors that are in the hands of the grower when growing indoors. YOU are Mother Nature! When growing using outdoor farms, there is less investment involved, since light and soil are factors which do not require money (or as much money) to be spent on. However, natural risks can occur more easily and frequently when growing outdoors, which can be harder to prevent or treat than if growing indoors.
To solve the debate of whether or not indoor growing or outdoor growing is the better way to go when growing cannabis, the answer continues to remain an ambiguous one. It all depends on a number of factors. Whichever method works best for you should always be the method that you choose to produce the maximum yields in your marijuana plants.
Autoflower strains are becoming increasingly popular in the cannabis enthusiast communities. Autoflowers can produce wonderful yields in just several weeks, and are also great for beginners, especially those who have not yet mastered light cycles when growing cannabis. In this guide, we will cover all sorts of topics on autoflower strains, emphasizing on how to grow them for maximum yields.
The Origins of Auto-Flowering Cannabis Strains
The origination of auto-flower strains lies in their genetic makeup which came from the plant named Cannabis Ruderalis. Cannabis Ruderalis is a strain of cannabis which is native to Central and Eastern Europe and Russia, and was identified in Russia in the 1920s by a Russian botanist. It is a strain that differs from Cannabis sativa and Cannabis Indica, as it tends to be much shorter in size, possesses very low amounts of THC, and does not rely on changes in light cycles for flowering. Due to the environmental conditions that Cannabis Ruderalis plants faced in their place of origin, adaptive evolution was necessary in order for the plants to bypass the traditional 18 hours of light, 6 hours of darkness cycle that cannabis growers are familiar with. Experimentation of cannabis growers involving the creation of hybrid plants, with Cannabis sativa and Ruderalis, and Cannabis Indica and Ruderalis, is what ultimately resulted in autoflower strains that we know today.
Plants that follow the traditional light schedule are referred to as “photoperiods,” and rely on the sun’s (or lights’) signals which, essentially, tell the plant hormones when to start producing flower. This is why we typically decrease the amount of light from 18 hours down to 12 hours when photoperiod strains are ready for flowering. It mimics the natural decrease in daylight that occurs in the later parts of the year outdoors.
Autoflowers, in contrast, rely on the factor of time to start producing flower, and can begin the flowering stage as quickly as the three to five week mark of growth. Autoflowers are typically ready for harvest around two to three months from germination. This changes in phases happens regardless of the light cycle which they are exposed to, since they rely on a time schedule rather than light schedule to start producing bud. These autoflower strains grow at a speedy pace, and can grow in smaller, more confined spaces- making them ideally suited for many beginner cannabis growers.
Pros and Cons of Auto-flowering Cannabis Strains
Here, we will list some of the pros and cons of autoflowers, so that you can take into consideration on deciding whether or not these strains are for you.
o Will grow regardless of light cycle which they are exposed to
o Can flower year-round
o Grow very quickly
o Commonly smaller plants, which is great for confined spaces
o More resistant to diseases and pests
o Smaller yields (often, but not always)
o Not able to be cloned
o Not as successful in recovering from growing errors
Now, let’s move on to our next topic- which contains several subtopics which serve as essential information on GROWING autoflower strains. From here, we will cover a wide range of subjects that are imperative to successful growth of autoflowers.
You MUST have good soil to grow an ultimate autoflower cannabis plant. Autoflowers prefer a light, airy soil, and there’s always the option to buy soil specially mixed for autoflower cannabis plants. However, you can mix your own soil, too.
If you’d like to buy premixed soil, the options are endless, and quality soil can be found by a simple search from an online or in-person retailer. Here are just some of the popular, highly-rated brands on the market today:
o FoxFarm Happy Frog Potting Soil
o Mother Earth Coco Plus Perlite Mix
o Big Rootz All-Purpose Potting Soil
o Black Gold 1302040 8-Quart All Organic Potting Soil
o Roots Organics Rod Original Potting Soil
When mixing your own soil, an extremely basic recipe as follows can be used for optimal autoflower growth: equal parts peat moss, compost, and perlite, with one-third part vermiculite. This recipe, although simple, ensures that the proper nutrients (as well as the proper amount of nutrients) are included in the mix.
It is advised that once you have your soil ready and mixed, to measure its pH level. When measuring the pH of the soil, it is best to keep the numbers in the 6.2 to 6.7 range. You do not want your soil to be too acidic (lower pH) or too alkaline (higher pH). There are many pH meters available in-store and online so that you are able to keep track of your soil’s pH levels.
Lights and Light Cycles
Although, as previously mentioned, autoflowers successfully bloom no matter the light cycle they are grown in, there are still certain cycles considered best for growing autoflowers in. Some growers choose to use the traditional method of 18 hours of light, and 6 hours of darkness, although it is debated among autoflower growers. Some choose to keep their plants exposed to 24 hours of light, constantly. You can experiment to see which method is best for you. Many believe that exposing cannabis plants, even autoflowers, can cause too much stress on the plant. From my experience, the majority of cannabis growers tend to stick with the traditional light cycle for this reason. Another less-known fact is that darkness is necessary for optimal root development and growth in cannabis plants. It is not necessary to decrease the amount of light once the plant enters the flowering stage on its own.
If growing indoors, when choosing lights, there are a vast amount of options. Many popular LED grow lights are on the market, and run less of a chance on burning your plants. The option for lights remains up to grower and his or her experience and success. There should be absolutely no leaks of light whatsoever if you wish for your plant to experience dark phases as well, as the smallest bit of light can interrupt the dark phases of light cycles.
While there are countless types of lights that can be used when growing autoflower cannabis strains, full-spectrum LED lights are highly recommended. LED lights have proven to be both highly accessible and efficient. The full-spectrum very closely resembles the natural light of the sun, which is another reason LED lights have shown to be a favored choice among growers. However, there are many other options you may choose from; research and experiment as you wish.
Autoflower cannabis seeds can be germinated in different ways with different mediums- in soil, the paper towel method, etc. It seems that the paper towel method is most common, but you may use whichever method you prefer or are accustomed to.
The paper towel method consists of placing the seed in a damp paper towel, and, for good measure, placing the paper towel in a container that will keep in humidity. It’s important that the paper towel remains moist, but not completely soaked. Once the taproot has emerged and is visible, carefully place the sprout between ½ inch and ¾ inch down into the medium that you plan to grow the plant in (all the way until harvest!), and cover.
If you’d like to germinate in soil (my favorite), place your seed around 15 mm under the soil. Ideally, you should do this in the pot or area that you plan on growing your plant in all the way to harvest, in order to avoid the issues associated with transplanting. Remember that autoflowers strains of cannabis are not as forgiving as photo plants when it comes to errors in growing, such as mistakes made while transplanting.
The process of germination should be as quick as 24 to 72 hours, and sometimes, even faster. Some even soak their seeds in water for up to 24 hours before following with one of these common germination methods. Soaking seeds for too long can result in seed death, though, so perform this only if you are willing to experiment and risk a loss, or have enough experience to know exactly what you are doing.
If you would like to add nutrients, be careful when doing so, because autoflowers do not spend as much time in the each stage of growth as photoperiods do, and autoflowers are genetically designed to not require as many nutrients as photoperiods. While the plants are small seedlings, it’s important to not add any additional fertilizers. These seedlings will be very delicate and vulnerable to nutrient burn, which is extremely detrimental to your plant’s health. By week two, you may begin to add in between ¼ and ½ the amount of nutrients as you usually would. Then, around week three, or midway through, it is safe to add nutrients in at full-strength.
Water your autoflowers only as needed. This means that a fixed schedule may not suit your plants best. Allow the soil to dry just barely between watering. It is much, much better for a cannabis plant to experience a small period of dryness in its medium than to be over-watered. Over-watering can lead to many problems, including root rot. With that being said, water somewhat conservatively, as over-watering can create a ton of issues that growers do not want to experience, especially with autoflowers. There is no need to absolutely saturate your plants on a daily basis, and it is a very common mistake that is made, especially by beginner growers.
Along with proper watering, your autoflowers will need proper air flow as well, even if that means just a slight breeze that the plants are exposed to during their “lights on” periods. If you’re growing indoors with a grow tent, for example, there are usually holes in the side(s) of the tents made for inline exhaust fans. You want to keep aerobic conditions, and air flow is a necessity for doing so.
Humidity is another important, and often overlooked, factor when growing autoflowers. During the germination stage, high humidity is imperative, and can be at an upwards of 80-90%. During the vegetative phase, 50% is a good number to aim for, and when flowering, just slightly lower than in the vegetative phase can result in major success. A simple hygrometer can be used to measure humidity in the plant’s environment. These are relatively cheap tools that can prove to be very handy when growing cannabis.
Measure your soil’s pH levels regularly, and record those measurements if you believe it would help assist you in ensuring your autoflower plant is healthy and happy. The pH level should consistently remain between 5.8 and 6.5. As long as no damage is done to your plants, you may measure as often as you’d like- it never hurts to keep good check of PH for your autoflower plants!
When entering the flowering stage, autoflowers will most likely double, or even triple in size, at a fast pace. Monitor and maintain the plants’ environment as necessary, for this is a crucial phase regarding cannabis yields.
In the last week or two before harvest, flush your plants. This means to give your plants solely water- cut them off from any nutrients that have been provided to your autoflowers throughout the stages of growth until now. You may give them less and less nutrients in the week or two leading up to the flush- basically, you can wean your plants off of the nutrients that they have been given.
When your plants are ready to harvest, the pistils will be reddish-brown, and the trichomes white in color. Inspect and compare the top buds to the lower buds. If the top buds appear to have finished more quickly, give the buds closer to the bottom just a bit more time for maximum results. The uneven distribution of light can cause some buds to advance more quickly than others, so if you want the maximum yield from your plants, this is a good tip to keep in mind.
Cure and store your buds as usual. Usually, buds can effectively be dried by hanging them upside down for several days. Store your buds in airtight containers, and open the containers once daily for the first week of storage, then drop down to opening the container to every three days. This process can be completed as quickly as just a couple of weeks of time. This is called curing and is important to ensure a smooth, mellow smoke.
Controversy Surrounding Low-Stress Training on Autoflowers
Autoflowers spend much less time during their vegetative stage, so training needs to be very timely. Low-stress training (or LST) is the only recommended training method to be used for autoflower strains; topping and pruning is advised against when growing autoflower cannabis plants. For successful LST, simply tie down the plant stems, gently, so that the plant is horizontal rather than vertical. Regularly examine your plants and adjust the secured ties as necessary.
Do not top or prune your autoflower cannabis plants! Their vegetative state is short, and they may not recover well. And this can cause too much stress on autoflower plants, which can lead to lower yields or even plant shock and death.
Growing autoflower cannabis plants can be greatly rewarding. With faster growth rates, and no demand for specific light cycles, they show to be easy strains for beginner growers to try. Autoflower cannabis strains still have areas in which caution must be taken, though, and if all is performed correctly, autoflowers can result in impressive, quick yields, no matter the time of year.
Common Myths- Busted
Myth 1: Autoflowering strains have a low THC concentration.
Fact: There are autoflower strains which can provide relatively high amounts of THC- as high as some photoperiod plants. The potency of a cannabis plant is dependent on the strain itself, rather than if the plant is an autoflowering or photoperiod strain.
Myth 2: Autoflowering strains NEED 24 hour light cycles.
Fact: As stated before, it all depends on the particular strain that you are growing to determine which light cycle works best for your autoflowering cannabis plants. Some strains may thrive, producing their best yields in 24 hour light cycles; others may need some periods of darkness for maximum flower production. My favorite light cycle for auto-flower cannabis strains is 18/6.
Myth 3: Autoflower buds lack taste and scent.
Fact: This is false, as many experienced autoflowering cannabis plant growers will tell you. There are varieties of different tastes and scents of autoflowering plants among all sorts of strains.
Myth 4: You cannot transplant autoflowering cannabis plants.
Fact: You can, indeed, transplant autoflower strains. However, it must be done carefully, without disturbing the roots too much. If an autoflowering plant faces root shock, the recovery time (if the plant is able to recover) significantly disrupts the growth process due to the quick, speedy life cycle of autoflowering plants.
Myth 5: Autoflowers aren’t able to be trained.
Fact: One can successfully train an autoflowering cannabis plant, but it must be done with special care. If training is a desired method to be used, Low-Stress Training is the recommended type- although, as stated earlier in the article, there is controversy surrounding this method, so train at your own risk.
Autoflowering cannabis plants are interesting, convenient, and recommended for those who are new to the cannabis growing community. Although autoflowers must be handled and tended to with extra care, they can produce impressive yields with extraordinary THC concentrations.
Visit Justcannabisseed.com to learn about popular autoflower strains, and as your go to for cheap cannabis seeds. There are so many to choose from, giving you the opportunity to discover which strain best suits you, personally. If you have any questions regarding autoflower strains, feel free to reach out on the contact page of Justcannabisseed.com website. We want to guarantee that you are knowledgeable so that your plants can reach their full potential!
Low Stress Training (or LST) is a method used by cannabis growers to increase yields from their plants.
In a nutshell, the plant stems are gently tied down, which flattens out the plant, changing its shape intensely. This method also makes for better light distribution, as with the plant tied down, bottom foliage and potential bud sites are exposed to light.
This method is “low-stress” compared to other methods for higher yields, such as topping. This means that your plant is at a much less risk of going into plant shock, which can be a cannabis grower’s nightmare.
You can only use the LST method when your plant is in its vegetative state, which is very important to note.
Not only is LST a fun, easy method to use, but you can get the most out of your cannabis plants by using it!
To perform this method, you must first prepare your container.
This may consist of simply puncturing or drilling holes in the rim of the container that your cannabis plant is in- the basic concept is to create points in which your plant can be securely tied down.
You don’t want to use anything too thin, which can damage the plant by cutting into it. Plant ties are made specifically for LST and are readily available from all sorts of retailers.
The next part is just as simple- tie your plant down to where it is now horizontal, rather than vertical, and ensure that it is secure and straight, so that all branches of the plant are aligned.
If you have punctured or drilled holes in a plastic container, for example, simply loop the ties you have chosen through the holes and around your plants. Tie a knot to a secure the plant in place. It’s best to check the plant regularly and adjust the tie as needed to maintain the flat shape of the plant.
After doing all of this correctly, you have now successfully used the LST method. Your plant now has more surface area exposed to light, which will lead to higher yields and the conservation of light and space.
Continue to care for your plants, wait, and enjoy the higher yields that this method can result in!
There are many different pests that you may have, or probably will, eventually encounter when growing cannabis. These pests can create huge obstacles in the growth cannabis and have devastating effects, including death of your plants. Some pests are much more common than others, and once the pests are identified, you may treat your plants accordingly with the correct pesticide for best results. Here are some of the most common pests that appear when growing cannabis, along with a few different treatments:
Fungus gnats are easy to identify and can be a huge problem for your plants. The flying adult fungus gnats are annoying to have around, but their larvae can spread plant disease and inhibit growth of plants, as well as cause plant death, by eating away at its roots. Fungus gnats are commonly mistaken for fruit flies. There are a few different ways to keep these pests away. Focus on killing both the adults and their larvae. There are a number of options for getting rid of these, including:
Sticky Traps: They trap adult gnats which, ultimately, leads to their ultimate demise.
Hydrogen Peroxide: Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide to 4 parts water and water or spray your infected plants for one to two weeks, or until you see a 100% improvement.
Neem Oil: Spray 100% pure neem oil mixed with water on infected plants and their medium.
Soil Cover: Put a cloth, or layer of perlite over the soil for prevention of fungus gnats; by doing so, the fungus gnats will not be able to access the dirt needed to lay their eggs in.
When dealing with fungus gnats, also be sure to aid in prevention by closing off any entrances they may have to the plants.
These are tiny, oval mites that eat away at the chlorophyll, leaving relatively small yellow and/or white spots on the leaves as a result. If you also see silky web strings (look like spider webs) on your plants- this could be a sign of spider mites. The eating of the chlorophyll can lead to plant death at a rapid pace, and the webs produced by these tiny mites can cause a worthless product. Some of the ways you can take care of spider mites include:
High-Pressure Spray Bottle or Water Hose: Spray the infected plants so that these pests and their webs are knocked off of your plants.
Neem Oil: Just as with fungus gnats, you can use neem oil for spider mite infestations.
Make sure that it is pure so that you can be sure your plants will remain safe during treatment.
Vacuum: As odd as it may sound, you can also vacuum off the mites and their webs from your plants. When doing so, though, be careful not to damage your precious plants.
Beneficial Insects: There are many beneficial insects, such as…Lady Bugs, Praying Mantises, and Lacewings, one can take advantage of in controlling mites.
The best treatment for spider mites, just as with most other pests, is prevention. Be sure that you remain sanitary: wash your hands, check your soil, and be positive that all of your tools and supplies are clean.
These insects are extremely small, most commonly yellow in appearance (although they can be brown, red, green, or black), and some can have wings. You can find them underneath plants’ leaves. These pests are terrible due to the fact that can contribute to plant death in a number of ways. They feed on the plants juices, as well as introduce viruses to plants that are infected. Aphids also attracts ants, which will have you with even more of an infestation issue. You can get rid of aphids by numerous ways, including:
Ladybugs and Other Beneficial Insects: Strangely enough, Ladybugs, Lacewings, and Praying Mantises are a great way for ridding your plants of these destructive pests. Beneficial Insects can eat aphids and do not destroy cannabis plants. They may occur naturally, or you can purchase them for the sole purpose of getting rid of aphids.
Neem Oil: Once again, neem oil is a great choice for treatment with these nasty, little bugs. Rub the leaves of the infected plants with pure neem oil.
Garlic: Mix garlic and mineral oil into a solution and leave alone for 1 to 2 days. After that, apply to only one small spot on one plant leaf; if the spot turns yellow, dilute the solution with water, and try again on only one, very small area. Once you can apply without any damage to your plants you can spray the pests.
To prevent aphids from getting to your cannabis plants, be sure to keep your plants and their areas clean. Remove dead leaves and make sure to ALWAYS use sanitary equipment!
Some very over looked and less-talked-about pests that can destroy plant growth from early on are mice. Mice can make their way to plants either indoor or outdoor, and eat seedlings and roots. Mice have been known to even girdle a full grown plant, which can kill it! If you have the mysterious issue of disappearing seeds and seedlings, or see signs that something has dug into the plants’ soil, you may have a mouse problem. It’s a common misconception that their favorite food is cheese, however, they prefer seeds and grains over any other food. Prevent mice by setting up mouse traps, using garlic and basil around your plants to deter them, or even having a cat around. As with many other pests, sanitation is also key.
There are many pests that can attack and destroy cannabis plants; we’ve covered just a few. The top treatments listed, though, can bring you great success in the ridding of these common pests. Almost everyone faces a pest issue when growing cannabis at some point in time, so no need to worry- take proper action in proper time after proper identification, and your plants will still have a chance at thriving throughout the entire grow process.
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